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I will be using Hildegard Peplau’s Theory of Interpersonal Relations as the basis for my project. Peplau is considered to be one of the theorists who transformed the psychiatry nursing significantly. In addition, she came up with models that improved clinical work and the theoretical understanding of psychiatry (Alligood, 2014). Based on her theories, nurses have been able to develop psychiatry as a unique specialty field that is critical to the healthcare system's success. According to the Theory of Interpersonal Relations, nurses are educators, leaders, and experts at the same time when dealing with patients with mental illnesses. Furthermore, the theorist stated that nurses should develop a positive working relationship with patients to achieve the desired interpersonal and therapeutic goals (Deane & Fain, 2016). Failure to develop such interpersonal relationships can lead to destructive patient responses like anxiety, conflict, and frustration.
Under this model, the process of creating a patient-nurse relationship takes place in four main phases. The first one is orientation, where the focus is on understanding the patient and the issues affecting them (Alligood, 2014). It normally takes place on admission and enables nurses to know their patients fully. The second step is the identification that occurs during the intensive treatment phase. Peplau argued that the nurse needs to identify the underlying psychiatric conditions affecting the patient and develop interventions that can be used to manage them (Alligood, 2014). The third phase is the exploitation which occurs in the convalescence and rehabilitation area. In this case, the nurse should focus on assisting the patient to recover from their mental illnesses. Finally, there is the resolution phase which takes place at discharge. Here, the patient begins the recovering process and is ready to go back and start living a normal life.
Patient experiences in a healthcare setting are critical indicators of the quality of care in a facility. In this case, they refer to the perceptions that people have regarding personal comfort, the care provision process, the effectiveness of the healthcare practitioner’s decisions, and discharge planning (Hagerty et al., 2017). In the context of psychiatric care, patient experiences can be improved by developing positive interpersonal relationships. Hildegard Peplau’s Theory of Interpersonal Relations offers critical insights into the main areas which nurses should focus on when taking care of patients. Therefore, the model fits into the proposed project, which revolves around developing an educational program for healthcare workers in the mental health outpatient settingto promote understanding regarding the adverse implications of addiction on families. Addiction remains a major concern for many families around the world. In addition, it can lead to adverse physical and mental health outcomes for patients. Therefore, there is an increasing need for healthcare practitioners to develop interventions to assist patients in recovering from addiction. Furthermore, healthcare workers need to be enlightened about addiction and how they can deal with it. For the interventions to be successful, it is imperative to develop a positive interpersonal relationship with patients. Using Hildegard Peplau’s Theory of Interpersonal Relations as the basis for this project, it is possible to highlight the critical issues nurses need to address to create a positive relationship with patients. In addition, the educational program will be tailored to encourage nurses to understand the needs of the patients and develop interventions that will lead to positive clinical outcomes.