Essays on child labour are relevant due to the fact that this topic remains a serious problem in the modern world. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), over 250 million children in the world are engaged in activities which impede their development and education, depriving them of livelihood in the future. Many of them are involved in the worst forms of child labour that cause irreversible physical, psychological harm or even threaten their lives.
Starting from the 1950s, Children's Day is celebrated every year on June 1. Its main goal is to draw attention to the problems of childhood which is cloudless and does not please everyone in the world. The cruel phrase "Like taking candy from a baby" clearly describes the situation with the rights of minors.
It's easy to deprive a child of something, or vice versa, to impose responsibilities not corresponding to his age, because children can't defend their interests facing the pressure of adults. And it's not just due to a lack of life experience and physical weakness but also due to the fact that minors can master critical thinking and violence resistance skills only observing the example of adults, of course, if parents want to protect the kids and not to exploit them.
Exploitation is the usage of results of another person's labour, that is, the situation when a person receives nothing or much less than he deserves in exchange for his work. Such behavior is unlawful and unfair to people of any age, but in the case of children, it acquires special significance.
A child labour essay for high school should be focused on the following problem: the most socially unprotected members of society can't stand up for themselves, do not know where to turn for help and easily become victims of manipulation and intimidation. Work not appropriate to age, especially in harmful conditions, jeopardizes the health of children, deprives them of opportunities to harmoniously develop and receive education. Experience has shown that child labour provokes serious, sometimes irreparable harm to the kid's physical and psycho-social development. If you know how to write a hook for an argumentative essay, you can choose something else.
This phenomenon exists in different corners of the planet, both in industrialized and developing countries. Mainly children from the most vulnerable social strata, low-income or single-parent families, both in rural areas and in the cities, are involved in the labour which is not intended for a young age. These children are forced to work in dangerous, harmful conditions for obtaining income. Moreover, they have limited access to education, health services and material goods.
There is a vicious circle which may be described in effects of child labour essays: attracting kids to work worsens their prospects in terms of obtaining education, which, in turn, affects the further employment. Ultimately, child labour has a negative impact on the development of human resources and the overall socio-economic progress of the country.
This problem is observed in virtually all productive and non-productive sectors of the economy: agriculture, small-scale trade in local markets, etc. In the markets, for example, the work of kids is used mainly for sorting fruits and vegetables, loading works (teenagers may perform the duties of carriers). Sometimes minors of younger age are exploited as beggars.
In addition, according to the International Labour Organization, there has been an increase in the involvement of children in commercial sex (selling or offering a child for prostitution or production of pornographic materials) and in the activities of criminal groups (illegal actions, especially production and trafficking of drugs).
It’s worth mentioning the most important international documents in a small essay on child labour. For example, in 1989, the UN General Assembly adopted the International Convention on the Rights of the Child which provides for the protection from exploitation. In addition, the document states that each child should be protected from performing work that may pose a threat to health or interfere with his education, damage health, physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development.
States participating in the Convention take measures to comply with these provisions. For example, they establish a minimum age for admission to work, regulate the working conditions and the duration of the working day for minors.
Of course, the exploitation and the imposition of non-children's duties were not invented today. On the contrary, it may be stated in an essay about child labour that, over the past 50 years, the situation in this area has improved significantly. A partial excuse for our ancestors who allowed children to work in mines or to command armies is a completely different attitude to childhood.
Did people of the past think that the girl or boy enjoys the "golden age", the stages of adaptation and socialization, exploring the world? As a rule, no. They were more interested in how many workers are there in the family. A detailed periodization (a child, a teenager with three stages of puberty, a young man) was absent in those days. Social adulthood was equated with the biological maturity. Is a person able to keep pitchfork and get married? So he's old enough for both these actions.
With the growth of cities and the development of educational institutions, issues of childhood began to be discussed. But even at that time, not each person was able to get education at school or, especially, with home teachers. Many kids had no possibility to study. Minors satisfied much of the household needs of big cities of the late XIX century, whether this was London, Paris, St. Petersburg or New York.
Kids from poor families began to work early: they had to help their parents in artisan workshops, serve aristocrats in rich houses, sell various products and clean shoes. The orphans had no one to rely on. Writing a “What is child labour?” essay, it’s useful to cite examples from real life and literature. A typical "career" of a street boy is described in "Oliver Twist": work in the undertaker's office, theft with a gang of pickpockets. Dickens gave his hero a wonderful salvation as it often happens with the heroes of novels about "children of a complex fate".
However, the real prototypes of Oliver Twist, as a rule, were much less lucky. The life of children from the villages also was not easy. They helped the parents in harvesting, building, engaged in domestic work, nursed younger sisters and brothers. Some tasks were specially intended for children. For example, a young chimney sweeper could get into places not accessible for the adult.
The girls worked as nannies, seamstresses and laundresses, sold flowers, matches and vegetables. In addition, they had to perform household duties. In a world without washing machines, vacuum cleaners, synthetic materials and household chemicals, it was not easy even for adult women. For example, hot water was brought to the needed floor in buckets, all surfaces in the house were cleaned with a cloth by hand and all things were repaired in the dim light of a candle. When the thing was spoiled (for example, socks or trousers were torn), no one threw it away if it could be repaired.
Children could get into workhouses where they helped their parents in hard labour conditions or worked independently (if they were caught for begging and stealing). Workhouses were a nightmare of the urban poor. Many thought that it's better to beg than to work at production enterprises or coal mines. By the way, professional begging was an independent specialty with its "universities", "exams" and the possibility of career growth.
To write a persuasive freedom and child labour essay, you may refer to the works of famous researchers. For example, historian Henry Gibbings, author of "The Industrial History of England", wrote about the difficult working conditions of children.
The historian Philippe Aries contributed to the study of the history of childhood in the 60s of the 20th century. In his opinion, the difference between the attitude to childhood under the "old order" and afterwards is an important key to understanding historical processes and the development of humanism.
A specialist in psychohistory Lloyd deMause made a great contribution to the idea of how education affects the formation of personality and described several models of attitudes toward children. Each of them corresponds to a certain historical paradigm.
Note in a reasons for child labour essay that, for a long time, symbolic attributes of childhood (spontaneity, games and toys, naivety, creative thinking, ignorance of rules) were not approved in classical culture. The ideal meant adulthood, intelligence, the ability to speak and behave like an adult. These qualities were preached by the philosophy of the Enlightenment via its moral teachings for the younger generation. Early adulthood could provide the offspring with a successful future, whether it was about being able to manage a family property at a young age, to command inferiors, to survive in a slum or to become a worthy person.
In the Modern Era, a different understanding of childhood began to form. It presupposed the concern for the health of the child, attention to physical development and morality. Ernest D'Hervilly wrote the book about the prehistoric boy in the XIX century. The author believed that, in his time, the living conditions became easier for children and savagery gave way to progress. In many respects this is true. The prehistoric child could eat the raw meat, but suppositive Oliver Twist would be at least embarrassed. But many situations of the XIX century are very far from the current state of affairs.
Gradually, the world moved from the model "ideal children = little adults" to the notion of childhood as a period of independent significance. Over time, economic conditions have changed, and the kids have ceased to require early earnings. A more promising parent investment was the education of a child.
The liberated space in the life of kids began to be filled with special symbols. The genres of children's literature were enriched. Fairy tales, sentimental novels and adventure stories were added to religious instructions and moral teachings for the youth. With the development of industry, more toys have begun to be produced, which not only copied objects from adult life but also took into account the interests of the child.
It is good to use vivid contrasts in the course of the essay writing on child labour. For example, before, children were born almost every year. But today, in developed countries, the appearance of a baby is a conscious and important decision. Therefore, the place of children is in the center of the family.
The idea of "cultivation" of kids emerged as the critical attitude to own culture grew in western society. Institutes and principles of education began to be considered as repressive by some researchers. According to the philosopher Michel Foucault, the school of Age of Enlightenment worked hard to equalize and suppress the personality in the same way as a prison or a psychiatric clinic.
Separate disciplines studying the problems of childhood and adulthood were formed: age psychology, evolutionary pedagogy, sociology of childhood. Researchers have thought about the fact that the child's perception, opinion have their value and are of interest. Gradually, the kids began to be appreciated for the plasticity of consciousness, imagination, a fresh look at things which used to be considered "imperfections" and gaps in education.
Writing a child labour essay in simple words, it’s worth describing that the modern state of exploitation issue varies from country to country and corresponds to the situation with human rights in general: attitudes toward the child always reflect attention to the personality. Even today, there is the exploitation of child labour, juveniles have heavy domestic responsibilities. So, despite the changing role of childhood, the overall situation is not uniform: while some thirteen-year-olds study at school, others marry.
Maybe childhood and adolescence are not at all "fixed" in a human psyche but represent a socio-cultural construct, and its content can vary from society to society. At the same time, the actualization of this construct educates people in accordance with certain concepts and becomes a part of their personalities. So, people have the power to consciously implement the image of childhood which is right according to their opinion.
Inform the reader of your awareness on child labour essay that kids are mostly exploited in Asia, Africa and Latin America today. They still make a significant contribution to the economies of these countries. On the one hand, international agreements on juvenile labour standards are violated. On the other hand, the implementation of the labour ban will mean deterioration in living conditions and hunger for many of these children. In this regard, the situation remains complicated and the changes are slow.
In India, the number of working kids declined significantly between 1993 and 2005, but many minors still work. Mostly it concerns the rural areas. In addition, teenagers are still employed in the industry. Legislation existing since 1986 allowed adolescents to engage in non-hazardous production. In 2013, India adopted a law prohibiting persons under the age of 14 years to work whether it is a dangerous or non-hazardous industry.
Nevertheless, the court decided that children can work together with their relatives or in a family business in order to learn the basics of the profession and useful skills. But it should be stressed in a child labour in India essay that, in practice, this means that many kids still produce various things and sell them, work as domestic and hotel servants, waiters and cooks.
According to the UNICEF report of 1990, the quality of educational institutions in rural areas of India leaves much to be desired. 50% of publicly funded primary schools do not have their own building, 40% do not have a blackboard. Only a few have books and teaching aids. Children often do not have enough time to study. Schools can’t attract them. Meanwhile, child labour is one of the causes of poverty. After all, having not received an education, it is more difficult to find a job with a decent salary.
Considering the example of India, it is possible to identify in a simple essay on child labour the basic social circumstances due to which exploitation exists: the shortcomings of the economy, the cheapness and the demand for labour, the low quality of school education, the authority of the traditional way of life.
On the territory of the former Soviet Union, Uzbekistan is of particular concern among world experts. Children are traditionally engaged in harvesting of cotton. This work diverts them from studies in the fall and spring. However, in early 2017, the International Labour Organization reported on the reforms conducted by the government. It was stated that the practice of organized child labour is prohibited in Uzbekistan.
Sexual exploitation includes coercion to prostitution and filming in pornography. There are discussions about the decriminalization of prostitution. But in the case of children, there should be no discrepancies. Any form of their involvement in sex work is unacceptable. Nevertheless, according to the UN, more than a million children are involved in prostitution annually. Also, on the UN website, it was written about modern forms of slavery, including sexual.
In addition, in a number of countries, there is the practice of early weddings when girls are socially, emotionally and physically not ready to marry. Decisions are taken by their families. Both adult women and girls are involved in forced marriages, sale and inheritance of wives. The cause of child marriages is the unequal gender situation which can lead to the lifelong subordination of girls and women.
Sometimes it is easy to expose the exploitation, for example, if the child is engaged in hard and dangerous physical labour to buy some food. In other cases, everything is not so obvious, for example, when parents force children to pass overly rigid sports training, to take part in beauty contests or film them for Youtube for hours. It’s also worth describing such situations in an against child labour essay.
Adults are guided by own ambitions and desire to earn money with the help of the child, even if they violate his real interests. At the same time, for the other adults, the child becomes an object of entertainment.
At children's beauty contests which are especially popular in America, girls should look like adults, walk along the podium in thematic costumes, bathing suits and evening dresses. Toddlers & Tiaras is the bright example of beauty contest devoted to the kids. This show was cancelled. Such shows are not only far from good taste. They also can seriously damage a child.
A girl sits in the armchair for hours while the hairdresser works with her hair, wears uncomfortable clothes and repeats the same actions many times - all these are difficult tasks for a little person. Fatigue, possible skin irritations caused be cosmetics, violation of diet are factors of physical harm.
In addition, there is moral harm. Inappropriate sexualization of children's images, increased attention to the appearance of girls, objectification create a fertile soil for violations of the harmonious development of the individual and the creation of the unhealthy ideas about own personality.
At the end of the XV century, a well known tragedy with the "golden boy" happened. The son of a baker had to participate in the procession at the court of the Milan duke and to personify the coming of the Golden Age. His body was completely covered with golden paint. As a result, the child died, as normal thermoregulation was violated for a long time. Something close in spirit occurs today with children who are forced to sacrifice health for the sake of popularity.
The interest of children in adult affairs is a natural phenomenon. However, imitative practices are good when they benefit the children themselves, develop curiosity, playful character and do not harm health, soul and life. Situations when children serve the selfish interests of adults should not be allowed. The author of an essay on stop child labour may state that everyone who deals with kids can attract the attention of public organizations to the problem if he notices that something is wrong.
On the UN website, you can get acquainted with the book "Our Right to be Protected from Violence". It is aimed at those who work with teenagers. There are examples of questionnaires that can help to identify cases of violence and find out whether the rights of minors are violated. Ideas are offered for role-playing games that help children to abandon the work that they should not do. There are also plans for talks aimed to reveal violence against children.
It’s worth stating in a how to stop child labour essay that, addressing this problem, governments should not limit their efforts (and many follow this rule) with regard to the application of protective articles of legislation and their commensurate toughening. To reach this goal, a properly planned and organized system of additional urgent, medium-term and long-term measures is needed, depending on the severity and significance of the problem in the country context.
The whole complex of problems associated with the use of child labour can be resolved only on the basis of concerted actions taken by the whole society and aimed at prevention of further exploitation, a liberation of kids from heavy and dangerous work, providing alternative sources of income for them and their families.
Preventive measures to combat child labour are the least expensive. In many cases, their results are noticed not immediately, which makes them less attractive from the political point of view. In order not to be limited to only superficial impact, measures to prevent child labour should be aimed at eliminating the root causes. This may require critical analysis and revision of social structures.
Given the fact that many countries do not have the appropriate infrastructure and resources to implement large-scale programs to eradicate child labour and provide the parents with higher wages, the following strategy may be proposed in a “Say NO to child labour” essay: it is first necessary to eradicate the worst forms of child labour and then move on to a phased implementation of the national program for the complete abolition of the problem.
At the first stage, it is recommended to free the children from performing heavy and dangerous duties, to protect employed kids. Public attitudes related to this phenomenon should change - from the inevitability of using child labour (as the destiny of the poor) to the readiness to fight it. However, temporary measures to protect working children should be supported by specific actions aimed at exempting them from performing hazardous work.
Although more and more countries agree with the need to completely prohibit the use of child labour and take certain steps in this direction, rapid changes can’t be expected, since this problem is rooted in the socio-cultural and economic structures of society. The attitude to it should be changed. It applies to directly affected persons (children, parents and employers) and society as a whole.
Political reforms and programs related to such areas as legislation, education, labour market management, social protection, health care, social assistance and social development may be described as main ways out in a child labour essay for college students. Reforming these spheres leads to changes in the social order. The implementation of political reforms should be carried out simultaneously with the work aimed at changing the attitude of society to issues related to the struggle to prohibit child labour because these areas are interrelated.
The growth of public awareness and social mobilization lead to a change in the perception of the problem of child labour, which, in turn, provokes changes in policy on these issues. Among the known methods of reforming, education is most conducive to the eradication of child labour.
However, improvements in the educational sphere are not enough, since the most dangerous and difficult kinds of work are performed mainly by children from the poorest strata, families of migrants, lower classes and castes, single-parent families, that is, from the groups which are least protected in social and economic terms. Such children rarely have the opportunity to study, and the situation will not change even if education will become more accessible.
Children from poor families work because their earnings are of great importance for the survival of the family. They will continue to work until their parents' wages will be enough to meet the basic needs of the family. Thus, for successful and effective implementation of programs to combat child labour, measures in the sphere of education must be accompanied by radical changes in the areas of regulation of the labour market and social protection that provide support to families. They should be aimed at empowering the poor and eliminating social inequality.
You may mention the following changes in an “About child labour” essay:
Local municipal councils and non-governmental organizations should facilitate the replacement of children by adults in the workplace and also serve as supervisory bodies. Such measures also include providing the poor with the opportunity to earn a living wage by creating jobs and programs to combat poverty, encouragement and development of small business, increase of the minimum wage, the creation of a credit system and the organization of points of social assistance for the most needy.
When describing supportive programs in a “Let us stop child labour” essay, it is important to take into account that the measures listed above should provide adult workers with a normal income, the opportunity to educate their children and not promote the spread of child labour along with the labour of adults or instead of it. When creating extended programs of social and economic development affecting both the children themselves and their families, special attention must be paid to the needs of working kids.
Often we face the opinion that, in those countries where there are programs targeted at children or their families or at improving the economic situation in the country, the needs of the population are automatically met and the life of working children improves. However, this opinion is erroneous. If the changes were made as a matter of urgency without taking into account the actual situation in which the child exists, the conditions of his life can significantly worsen.
An example is the liberation of a child from unsafe work that is not accompanied by the necessary support system. In this case, the damage to the development of the child can be irreversible, and the vicious circle of poverty can remain inextricable throughout the life of many generations. Thus, here is an idea for child labour thesis writing: conscious and systematic efforts should be made to draw attention to the needs of working kids and to develop appropriate support programs that will really facilitate the lives of youth both in the near future and in the long term.
The following definition of poverty was given in the Human Development Report for 1998 which was prepared by specialists of the United Nations Development Program: this concept is broader than simply the absence of a minimum set of prerequisites for maintaining an adequate level of material well-being; poverty can also mean the lack of basic opportunities and choices in the field of human development, the inability to live long, to lead a healthy and creative way of life, the lack of the ability to maintain own dignity, self-esteem, enjoy respect from others, those goods that are important for happy everyday life. It’s worth stating in a “Define child labour” essay that the problem under consideration contradicts all these values.
Another important factor that should be taken into account when assessing the situation with the child labour, working out approaches to its solution is their creation jointly with other programs of similar orientation. In some countries, the task of eliminating child labour in hazardous and harmful industries is included in large-scale programs such as the National Plan of Action for Children. In other states where the problem is closely linked to education, poverty and unemployment, the use of child labour has been regarded as an important part of the national development plan (for example, in Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand).
Experience has shown that a phased strategy should include the following elements:
Quite often we observe a tendency to confuse the notions of "policy directions", "programs" and "projects". In practice, it is not always possible to trace clear logical differences between these three concepts. There is a close relationship between them.
Explain to the readers of a “Exploitation of child labour” essay that the policy is the desire of the society to eliminate the problem, setting goals and priorities, definition of the structures responsible for achieving the goals and allocating the necessary funds. The very existence of political aspirations suggests that political leaders and civil society are willing to work on the problem of child labour.
Policy must be implemented through the programs which can cover such areas of activity as:
Projects seem to bricks from which programs are built. Any project is a set of interrelated and coordinated actions aimed at achieving certain goals within the allocated funds and fixed terms. The project can be oriented at work with a particular group in a certain public sector, for which one or more urgent activities should be carried out within a short period of time.
Note in an essay for child labour elimination that projects that provide results in the long term should not be carried out in isolation from other projects. Each of them should be an integral part of an extensive program and a common policy. Their implementation should facilitate the realization of higher-level tasks.
In some countries, actions against the use of child labour begin with the formulation of appropriate policies practical implementation of which occurs through the implementation of programs and projects. But narrowly focused projects also can serve as a starting point.
Often the struggle against the use of child labour begins from a few enthusiastic persons indignant about the most outrageous cases of exploitation of kids. Sometimes such outbreaks are provoked by inaction of controlling bodies. In such cases, projects are created long before the development of policy and programs that implement it.
Changes in the political situation, in the composition of the government are reflected in the national policy, which can cause fluctuations in the use of child labour. So, it may be written in a child labour essay on social problem that the role of individual initiatives remains important. Often, the strategies to combat the exploitation are not linear and progressive. It is necessary to constantly trace and maintain positive trends.
The phenomenon may be recognized as negative only if it harms a person's mental or physical state. Not all forms of adolescent labour can be called exploitation. So it's worth not considering the teenage work too skeptically. You could write about the reverse side of this issue in a positive and easy essay on child labour.
The significance of work in the development of the personality is universally recognized. Engagement of a child in collective labour contributes to the assimilation in social relations, their transition from external to internal level. This occurs under the influence of prevailing norms of behavior, public opinion, organization of mutual assistance and such socio-psychological phenomena as intra-group suggestibility, competition.
An important effect is the formation of responsibility for the results of collective work. Studies have shown that the majority of high school students - members of the labour brigades are ready to be responsible for the results of their unit.
Transforming the object of labour, creating socially valuable products, a person transforms himself. In order to use the developing opportunities of work fuller, they must be supplemented with the activities of the elders: education and upbringing. Considering the peculiarities of a child labour for a research paper, you may state that the activity of the educator is an important condition for the progress of the teenage psyche.
In all kinds of work, such a useful personal trait as practicality is formed. Stimulating it, a person succeeds performing the labour and domestic duties. Children, as shown by psychological research, poorly know themselves, their abilities and position in the team. But due to labour activity, there are significant transformations. First of all, the attitude towards oneself changes and, as a result, the attitude of the collective and teachers.
A lot of facts showing that labour activity is motivated by its results have been accumulated in psychology. This involves the formation of such motives as the personal significance of labour, the understanding of its social meaning, the aspiration to a higher level of achievements.
Labour plays a great role in the development of the child's abilities. They progress mainly under the conditions of the leading activity: in the preschool age - in the game, in the junior and middle school years - in the studies, in the youth - in vocational training. In the process of work, the distribution of attention becomes wider and its switching is more rapid.
If you’re going to write an essay on child labour considered from a positive perspective, it’s worth taking into account that the role of work in the development of thinking is great. Its new forms (technical, practical, logical) become stronger owing to mastering of labour skills. In the process of communication with other members of the work collective, new feelings emerge. Taking part in the labour process, the child fundamentally changes the perception of own personality and the world around. You can also choose an interesting theme from compare and contrast essay topics list.
A very important point in the system of labour education is the insuring of the fact that work makes it possible to reveal the natural inclinations of the child most fully and vividly. You may propose the following child labour essay thesis: analyzing the readiness of a teenager to work life, it's necessary to think not only about what he can give to society but also about what labour gives to him personally. Certain abilities are hidden in each child, and the correct organization of the work can facilitate their disclosure.
The solution of many issues of labour education of the younger generation essentially depends on a correct understanding of the functions, goals and psychological content of child labour. The work of a schoolchild has its own specifics. First of all, it differs from the work of adults by the purpose for the sake of which it is organized. Child labour exists primarily for educational goals.
Labour in society, as a rule, is of a collective nature. Each participant needs the ability to interact. Consequently, teenagers must be included in social production. Preparing a child for work means the formation of a psychological readiness, ensuring the level of the development that is sufficient for the successful engaging in any type of productive work. Inner changes take place in course of such activities as games, studies, household duties, technical creativity.
As the observations show, graduates of educational institutions are practically and psychologically unprepared for participation in production. Therefore, schoolchildren must fulfill feasible productive orders. Thanks to this approach, a higher value of work and motives for labour activities may be formed.
Since youth employment is not identical with the education or the labour activity of adults, it's possible to single out it as an educational-labour activity which should occupy the leading position in high school. You may push forward the following proposal in an advantages of child labour essay: the curriculum should prescribe the vocational training. After graduation, a child can already have a specialty that gives him preconditions for rapid adaptation in production sphere.
Formation of the individual in the process of labour does not happen independently - only in case of right organization of work. The age and individual characteristics of children, the patterns of their development should be taken into account. Teachers are called upon to care about safety of teenage work within the walls of educational institutions, to become a role model, to study the strengths and weaknesses of pupils, to organize their activities and much more.
Whether your child labour essay short or long, there is a classic structure that should be adhered to. Even if you need to write only one page of text, three elements always act as the foundation:
Would you like to limit yourself to the standard minimum? Justifying the theses, author can present bright examples from life, quote famous writers, ask rhetorical questions and answer them. A long essay on child labour will be more detailed. It may turn into a true scientific work with elements of artistic narration. However, the secret of success is not at all in what is written on paper but in the persuasiveness and strict adherence to the above structure.
We hope that this article was interesting. Use the information presented in it to write the best child labour essay. Good luck!
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