Students often write papers on problems of public importance. Such assignments make them learn to perceive facts, to find ways out of difficult situations, and to justify the proposed strategies. In particular, cause and effect of drinking and driving essays are a frequent task at schools and universities. Thanks to such academic papers, young people form a sense of responsibility for their own health and safety of others, as well as the desire to preserve the social order. In this article, our professional essay writers will tell you how to write an excellent paper on this topic.
In an ideal world, only sober and not tired people drive cars. However, there are these irresponsible drivers for whom a glass of wine or beer is not a good enough reason to substitute driving for a refreshing walk or a taxi ride.
When writing an “Effects of drinking and driving” essay it should be taken into account that more and more often reports about an accident caused by a drunk driver appear in different mass media. Some may say that a drunken driver is a potential killer. In any case, this opinion cannot be called correct. More than that, it is fundamentally wrong. Every sober-minded person should understand that driving in a drunken state is already a crime! One may use this idea as a central drunk driving essay thesis.
Currently, the authorities of different states discuss implementing stricter punishment for drunk driving. There are many reasons for such measures. Many people consider it to be an adventure to drive intoxicated and having reached the house to fall out of the vehicle onto the driveway. Of course, such behavior is unacceptable. Another worrying tendency is that those who have been punished for drunk driving often do the same over and over again, and not having their driver’s license doesn’t bother them at all.
Therefore, it may be stated in drunk driving essay conclusion that, for a certain category of people, drunkenness at the wheel gradually becomes a norm. At present, since traffic grows with every year, it has become difficult to navigate on the road even for sober and disciplined drivers with stable psyche and many years of driving experience. In such conditions, a car driven by a drunken person increases the probability of a traffic accident occurrence. Unpredictable behavior of a drunk person can often bring any actions of other road users, taken to avoid an accident, to nothing.
Driving is always a big responsibility and a certain risk. Everyone, of course, has the right to risk their own life, but it is absolutely unacceptable to put someone else’s health and life at stake.
One more key point for a “Problems with drinking and driving” essay is that timely response to everything that happens on the road is extremely important. And alcohol slows down the reaction speed. Moreover, drunk drivers exceed the speed limits and do not pay attention to traffic lights and signs. The self-esteem of a drunk person is rarely objective. Often people find themselves unable to assess the degree of intoxication and overestimate their own capabilities.
However, your drinking and driving research paper may end with a recommendation to use the services of a professional driver if a person has driven to a party and had alcohol there. For example, a ‘driver’ option has appeared on a number of taxi apps in many countries. The availability of this service and its relevance mean that more and more people are becoming aware of the danger of drinking and driving which is a positive trend.
When it comes to writing a teenage drunk driving essay one should take this problem seriously as this is a double crime since teenagers are legally not allowed to drink and have low alcohol tolerance. However, there is a positive trend that many young people completely reject alcohol. Sports and healthy nutrition are their choice. Naturally, supporters of healthy lifestyle will never drive in a drunken state. You can also write a “Students Against Destructive Decisions” or a “Mothers Against Drunk Driving” essay and analyze the active measures these organizations take in their fight against the harmful habit of drinking and driving
There are two methods for determining the level of alcohol in the human body, which are commonly used and should be mentioned in essays on drunk driving: BrAC and BAC. The first, BrAC (breath alcohol content) shows the level of alcohol in the exhaled air. BAC means “blood alcohol content”. Both indicators are measured in milligrams of ethyl alcohol per liter of air or blood. The BAC test is more common in the world. It was used as the basis for the list below.
You can also provide information about penalties in different countries of the world (data of 2017) in your drinking and driving essay research paper:
It may be pointed out in a research paper on drunk driving that the USA, perhaps, has the most tolerant norms for the permissible blood alcohol level. The following rules work here:
It is important to mention in a drinking and driving essay introduction that the first law restricting the movement of intoxicated drivers in the US was adopted in New Jersey in 1906. Violators had to pay a fine of $500 and could also be imprisoned for 60 days.
Initially, no specific alcohol limit was set. The first official BAC threshold established in New York in 1941 was 0.15%. It was specified in the revised version of the act of 1910.
In 1938, the Committee to Study Problems of Motor Vehicle Accidents, created by the American Medical Association, began to function. At the same moment, the Committee on Tests for Intoxication was established by the National Safety Council.
Significant progress of legislation in the field of drunk driving began in the 1970-1990s.
Laws have become stricter for drivers whose age was less than 21 years. They were forbidden to get behind the wheel with BAC more than 0.01-0.02% (practically zero tolerance). In 2013, all 50 states were called to reduce the alcohol level limit from 0.08% to 0.05%. This initiative of the National Transportation Safety Board is connected with the fact that the statistics of drunken accidents has reached 1/3 of all deaths on the road and this fact has attracted increased attention to the problem. This example may be mentioned in a “Why not to drink and drive?” essay. The issue of reducing the BAC limit caused a storm of discussions on the Internet. Many bloggers encouraged their subscribers to support the changes.
At the federal level, the authorities decided that the BAC level for drivers working on commercial vehicles should not exceed a dose of 0.04%. Even if the concentration of alcohol in blood is less than 0.04% but more than 0.02%, a person should be removed from duty for 24 hours.
In some states, there is a concept of partial ability to drive (partial impairment). This usually means a level of alcohol between 0.05% and 0.08%.
In 2016, the Supreme Court ruled that breath and blood tests for alcohol content can be considered as a search prescribed by the Fourth Amendment. Checking the breath can be carried out by traffic police officers without a special warrant. The situation is different with the blood test because the skin is damaged. The authorities try to persuade the police to use safe means.
In Arizona, there are such concepts as Extreme DUI (0.15% of alcohol in blood) and Super Extreme DUI (0.20%). In California, individuals convicted of drunk driving and being on probation should not exceed the norm of 0.01%. There are also many other examples when local authorities in the US modify common standards.
It may be emphasized in essays on drinking and driving that a problem of the discrepancy of laws exists in the United States. Local authorities interpret the same concepts in different ways. For example, the terms ‘driving’ and ‘actual physical control’ have different meanings. In the first case, we always mean moving, and in the second, the vehicle can remain static, but the person in a driver’s seat may carry out certain manipulations (even if it’s just switching of the headlights). When comparing the laws of different states, it is extremely important to take into account such differences.
Naturally, we understand that a fine should be levied only on a person who is drunk while moving on a road and thereby creating a threat of a car accident. However, without a clear formulation in the law, accusations can be attributed even to those who simply sit in a vehicle. You can describe the problem of interpreting the laws in your drinking and driving persuasive essay and consider several situations when penalties were justified and, vice versa, when there was no real reason to impose a fine.
Local legislation largely influences the severity of penalties. For example, residents of Ohio are forced to spend 3 days in prison. However, this measure can be replaced with visiting special group activities program aimed at alcohol education of the violators.
Unlike many other countries, in the US, there is a clear difference between harmless drunk driving and causing damage to others. It should be stressed in a research paper on drinking and driving that the authorities are merciless to those who committed a car accident or crippled own compatriots.
However, in some cases, the court makes concessions and allows drivers to undergo a rehabilitation program. In your “Drivers Ed” research paper you may explain that this measure is supposed to serve as a guarantee that dangerous situations will not happen again. If the violator doesn’t manage to pass the tests at the end of the course, he or she loses the privileges and takes full responsibility.
In some cases, corrective programs involve wearing special devices that detect the level of alcohol in the blood. It should be emphasized in a “How to prevent drunk driving?” essay that these measures are aimed at helping a person to abandon addiction completely.
In most cases, violators hope that their actions will stay unnoticed, but it is rather difficult if the cars are marked with special license plates (which were first introduced in Ohio). In 2004, this shameful label became mandatory for all violators. Typically, these plates are yellow with red text. In Minnesota, white plates with black or blue text are used. These plates are received by drivers who violated the rules at least 2 times in 5 years, exceeded the blood alcohol level two times, or had a child in the car at the time of the arrest.
It’s worth mentioning in an argumentative essay on drunk driving that the introduction of the ignition interlock devices was also a reasonable measure. In most cases, they are adjusted to a minimum level (zero tolerance). About half of the US states require the installation of these devices at the first violation.
Such requirements can be considered as punishment and, at the same time, as a precaution. After all, a drunken person should not be allowed to drive a car. External control is especially crucial for people with alcohol dependence who cannot regulate their actions properly.
Many drivers, however, complain that these devices are imperfect and malfunctions occur quite often. For example, a sober person can get an unsatisfactory result due to a low-quality electronic device. Then, the error is perceived as violation. Also, an irritating factor is that the indications should be updated every half an hour. If the driver forgets to re-check their own state, this may also be regarded as a violation. In different states, various punishments (usually fines) for improper use of the device are imposed. And in some administrative units it is even viewed as a criminal offense.
Proposals were made regarding the installation of ignition interlock devices on all new cars. This initiative may also be considered in a drinking and driving argumentative essay, but rather as a theory than a reasonable practical step. Obstacles for implementing this regulation are associated with the inconvenience of using the devices, their inaccuracy, and the nonconformity of many modern cars to the required standards.
The arrest procedure may vary from state to state. However, it should be emphasized in essays about drunk driving that the general concept always remains the same. First, the policeman should have reasonable suspicion. Officers cannot exceed their powers and blame citizens for no apparent reason. They are guided by an official protocol with clearly prescribed steps.
Upon noticing weird behavior on the road, a policeman should stop the car, approach it, and ask a series of questions. The external signs and behavior of the driver are assessed. Important signals are alcohol smell, inarticulate speech, redness of the skin, slowing of reactions and thinking, excessive aggression or arrogance, and presence of open bottles of liquor. If an officer notices some of these signs and thinks that the driver may be drunk, the latter is asked to get out of the car and undergo a quick test for alcohol content in the blood or exhaled air. The information received may serve as a basis for further detention.
It is important to note in a drinking while driving essay that the reason for stopping can be an uneven trajectory of movement, speeding, driving on the sidewalk, etc. Moreover, anonymous messages from citizens who saw an uncontrollable vehicle may serve as an adequate reason for suspicion. Also, the following factors may be listed in a drunk driving persuasive essay as the ones that usually cause increased attention of police officers:
The policemen use field tests that allow determining the probability of intoxication right on the spot. The driver can also be asked to perform various actions, for example, to put the finger on the nose or to stand on one leg. However, you may point out in drinking and driving research papers that such a check is only 65-68% reliable. People can fail the test due to traumas, illnesses, old age, and low or excessive body weight. Therefore, field tests should be considered as a tool for collecting additional information about the behavior of the driver and not the basis for arrest. There were cases when the police accused absolutely sober people of being intoxicated.
The Preliminary breath test and screening are much more reliable. Their indications can serve as a real reason for the arrest. In different states, devices of various level of complexity are used: both inexpensive and simple versions or large but more accurate and reliable instruments.
Such check is mandatory. By refusing to pass it, a driver risks to worsen the situation. According to the law, the refusal to take a breath test may be considered a criminal liability. After the arrest, the driver must undergo a chemical test of breathing, blood, and sometimes urine. However, to demand a BAC test, the police should have a warrant, as damage to body tissues is an extreme measure.
If the test shows that the alcohol level is less than 0.08%, the driver is released without any penalties. However, sometimes accusations may be based on the signs of inadequate driving that were noticed by the officer. The results of the field tests also can play an important role.
Drunk drivers remain in custody until they are considered sufficiently sober to be released on bail. Then, the date of their trial is prescribed.
The above information should help you delve into the topic. However, it is necessary to observe several important rules. Drinking and driving essay free examples are accessible on the Internet. You may download several versions of them to get acquainted with the basic features of the genre. Also, you should take into account the recommendations outlined below.
The volume of the essay is usually small. For clarity, you can divide the drunk driving essay outline into several parts:
Moreover, here are some tips for writing a good essay to any topic:
Over time, it may become obvious that essay writing is not only easy but also an incredibly enjoyable process. After all, you have a unique opportunity to express your thoughts, to share your own outlook with the surrounding people, and perhaps, even to change the world we all live in. We wish you to enjoy the freedom of creativity and get high grades. Good luck!
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