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Writing Essays On Drinking And Driving

Essay paper writing

Academic writing


Students often write papers on problems of public importance. Such assignments make them learn to perceive facts, to find ways out of difficult situations, and to justify the proposed strategies. In particular, cause and effect of drinking and driving essays are a frequent task at schools and universities. Thanks to such academic papers, young people form a sense of responsibility for their own health and safety of others, as well as the desire to preserve the social order. In this article, our professional essay writers will tell you how to write an excellent paper on this topic.

Description of the problem for drinking and driving essays

In an ideal world, only sober and not tired people drive cars. However, there are these irresponsible drivers for whom a glass of wine or beer is not a good enough reason to substitute driving for a refreshing walk or a taxi ride.

When writing an “Effects of drinking and driving” essay it should be taken into account that more and more often reports about an accident caused by a drunk driver appear in different mass media. Some may say that a drunken driver is a potential killer. In any case, this opinion cannot be called correct. More than that, it is fundamentally wrong. Every sober-minded person should understand that driving in a drunken state is already a crime! One may use this idea as a central drunk driving essay thesis.

Drunk Driving Essay Writing Guide 1

Currently, the authorities of different states discuss implementing stricter punishment for drunk driving. There are many reasons for such measures. Many people consider it to be an adventure to drive intoxicated and having reached the house to fall out of the vehicle onto the driveway. Of course, such behavior is unacceptable. Another worrying tendency is that those who have been punished for drunk driving often do the same over and over again, and not having their driver’s license doesn’t bother them at all.

Therefore, it may be stated in drunk driving essay conclusion that, for a certain category of people, drunkenness at the wheel gradually becomes a norm. At present, since traffic grows with every year, it has become difficult to navigate on the road even for sober and disciplined drivers with stable psyche and many years of driving experience. In such conditions, a car driven by a drunken person increases the probability of a traffic accident occurrence. Unpredictable behavior of a drunk person can often bring any actions of other road users, taken to avoid an accident, to nothing.

Driving is always a big responsibility and a certain risk. Everyone, of course, has the right to risk their own life, but it is absolutely unacceptable to put someone else’s health and life at stake.

One more key point for a “Problems with drinking and driving” essay is that timely response to everything that happens on the road is extremely important. And alcohol slows down the reaction speed. Moreover, drunk drivers exceed the speed limits and do not pay attention to traffic lights and signs. The self-esteem of a drunk person is rarely objective. Often people find themselves unable to assess the degree of intoxication and overestimate their own capabilities.

However, your drinking and driving research paper may end with a recommendation to use the services of a professional driver if a person has driven to a party and had alcohol there. For example, a ‘driver’ option has appeared on a number of taxi apps in many countries. The availability of this service and its relevance mean that more and more people are becoming aware of the danger of drinking and driving which is a positive trend.

When it comes to writing a teenage drunk driving essay one should take this problem seriously as this is a double crime since teenagers are legally not allowed to drink and have low alcohol tolerance. However, there is a positive trend that many young people completely reject alcohol. Sports and healthy nutrition are their choice. Naturally, supporters of healthy lifestyle will never drive in a drunken state. You can also write a “Students Against Destructive Decisions” or a “Mothers Against Drunk Driving” essay and analyze the active measures these organizations take in their fight against the harmful habit of drinking and driving

Drunk Driving Essay Writing Guide 2

Alcohol levels allowed for driving in different countries

There are two methods for determining the level of alcohol in the human body, which are commonly used and should be mentioned in essays on drunk driving: BrAC and BAC. The first, BrAC (breath alcohol content) shows the level of alcohol in the exhaled air. BAC means “blood alcohol content”. Both indicators are measured in milligrams of ethyl alcohol per liter of air or blood. The BAC test is more common in the world. It was used as the basis for the list below.

  • 0 mg/l. Zero level of alcohol or ‘zero tolerance’ is the only legal limit in many countries of the world. For example, all drivers in Brazil and Egypt should be absolutely sober when they get at the wheel. Even in Czech Republic, which is famous for its excellent beer, zero level is the limit. In the countries where this parameter is slightly higher (Germany, Italy, Thailand, Turkey, and Australia), there is still a zero threshold for special categories of drivers: newbies with less than 2-3 years of driving experience, taxi drivers, and professional drivers of trucks and buses.
  • Alcohol level 0.2 mg/l corresponds to one glass of wine (150 ml). It is officially authorized in China. The driver will not be breaking the law if they had a glass of wine and drove.
  • The level of 0.3 mg/l is equal to a shot of liqueur (50 ml), a glass of whiskey (50 ml) or a 0.5-liter bottle of beer. The maximum blood alcohol level of 0.3 mg/l is allowed in Belarus, Russia, and Japan.
  • The limit of 0.5 mg/l (equivalent of two bottles of beer or 100 grams of vodka) is allowed in Germany, France, Italy, Thailand, Turkey, Greece, Spain, and Australia.
  • 0.8 mg/l is the world’s highest authorized level of alcohol in blood permitted by law. It is used in the USA. Americans can drink a bottle of wine (750 ml) and drive right away.

Drunk Driving Essay Writing Guide 3

Comparison of penalties for drunk driving essay

You can also provide information about penalties in different countries of the world (data of 2017) in your drinking and driving essay research paper:

  • Thailand. In the Asian kingdom, drunken drivers are fined for 1,000 baht (about $30). In addition, they can be sentenced to imprisonment for up to 3 months.
  • France. For driving in a state of intoxication (above 0.5 mg/l), French may get a fine of 135 euro. Besides, 6 points will be deducted (a point system is used in the country) from one’s driver’s license. If the driver gets 12 points within two years, he or she is deprived of the license. If the alcohol content in the blood is more than 0.8 mg/l, the punishment increases dramatically. A fine of 4,500 euro may be imposed in addition to deprivation of the driver’s license for three years and up to two years in prison.
  • Egypt. There is a fine of 500-3000 Egyptian pounds ($28-168) for drunk driving in the country of the pharaohs. In addition, by court order, citizens can be deprived of a driving license or imprisoned.
  • Greece. Drunken drivers there can get a fine of 200 euro. Those individuals who exceeded the norm of 0.8 mg/l pay 700 euro and are deprived of their driving license for three months. If more than 1.1 mg/l of alcohol is found in the blood, the violator is fined for 2,000 euro, deprived of driving license for six months, and gets two months of imprisonment.
  • China. Drunk drivers here are fined for 1,000-2,000 yuan ($140-280) and deprived of driving license for six months. Violators who have over 0.8 mg/l of alcohol in their blood are deprived of driving license for 5 years and imprisoned for up to 3 years. But the Chinese Themis is absolutely merciless concerning drunk drivers who caused accidents, especially, with human victims. By court order, they can be sentenced to death.
  • Brazil. The carnival country fights drunkenness with fines of 300-1200 Brazilian reais ($80-320) and deprivation of driving license for a year. A curious fact that may be emphasized in a driving under influence (DUI) essay is that the zero limit level of alcohol is generally accepted in the country, but citizens are fined when the alcohol content in the blood is above 0.2 mg/l. The reason for this allowance existing is the permissible error of measuring equipment.
  • Australia. For driving under the influence of alcohol, a fine of $600 or $440 is imposed. People who have more than 0.8 mg/l of alcohol in the blood are deprived of their drivers’ licenses for six months and must install an ignition interlock device for 5 years (to start the engine, it’s necessary to breathe into a tube to prove own sobriety). In addition, the court may decide on confiscation of the violator’s car.
  • Russia. Here drunk drivers are punished with a fine of 30,000 rubles ($475) and deprivation of a driver’s license for 1.5-2 years.
  • Turkey. The punishment for drunk drivers in this country is a fine of TL700-2000 ($140-400) and expropriation of driving license for six months.
  • Germany. The authorities of the largest automobile country in Europe punish drivers with high blood alcohol content with a fine of 500 euro and deprivation of driving license for a year. Individuals with any alcohol content other than zero are perceived as potential causers of accidents. In Germany, it is also forbidden to ride a bicycle in a drunken state. Cyclists are fined for the same amount of money as motorists.
  • Spain. On the Iberian Peninsula, a fine of 500 euro is applied to people driving under the influence of alcohol. In case of a significant exceeding of the norm (over 1.2 mg/l), they are deprived of driving licenses for 12 months and can be imprisoned for up to six months.
  • Belarus. Here the fine ranges from 35,000 to 70,000 rubles ($ 550-1100). Also, the violator will be deprived of their driver’s license for three years.
  • Italy. This country has one of the highest fine ranges in the world - from 500 to 2000 euro. This punishment is added to the deprivation of driving license for 3-6 months. Those who have particularly high blood alcohol levels are fined for 1500-6000 euro and deprived of their driving licenses for up to two years. Their car may also be confiscated.
  • Japan. It should be mentioned in a “Ways to prevent drunk driving” essay that the Land of the Rising Sun is the world leader when it comes to severity of monetary punishment. A drunk driver faces a fine of 1 million Japanese yen (about $9000), deprivation of driving license for 5 years, and a prison sentence of up to 5 years. In addition, all passengers who were in the car or bus at the time of the violation are also fined. The amount of fines for passengers can reach $2800. No exceptions are made even for city and tourist buses.

It may be pointed out in a research paper on drunk driving that the USA, perhaps, has the most tolerant norms for the permissible blood alcohol level. The following rules work here:

  1. If the driver refuses to pass the test for alcohol, he or she is automatically deprived of their driving license for 1 year. A fine for the first-time violation is $500 and for the second one is $750.
  2. The first arrest in a drunken state is followed by a fine of $500-1000 and/or up to 1 year in prison; the driver’s license can be withdrawn for 6 months. 
  3. The second arrest during 10 years from the first one may cost the drunk driver a fine of $1,000-5,000 and a minimum of 10 days in jail plus 60 days of community service. According to the decision of the judge, the prison term can be extended for any period up to 7 years. The driver’s license is withdrawn for 1 year, and after its restoration, the ignition interlock device is installed in the car at the driver’s expense. 
  4. The third arrest in a drunken state will lead to a fine of $2,000-10,000, a minimum of 10 days in prison (by court order - up to 7 years), and losing the license for 1 year. An ignition interlock device is installed.
  5. If there was a child under 15 years old in a car with a drunk driver, the offender can receive a prison term of up to 4 years and pay a fine of $5,000.

Points to consider in a “US law & drunk driving” research paper

It is important to mention in a drinking and driving essay introduction that the first law restricting the movement of intoxicated drivers in the US was adopted in New Jersey in 1906. Violators had to pay a fine of $500 and could also be imprisoned for 60 days.

Initially, no specific alcohol limit was set. The first official BAC threshold established in New York in 1941 was 0.15%. It was specified in the revised version of the act of 1910.

In 1938, the Committee to Study Problems of Motor Vehicle Accidents, created by the American Medical Association, began to function. At the same moment, the Committee on Tests for Intoxication was established by the National Safety Council.

Drunk Driving Essay Writing Guide 4

Significant progress of legislation in the field of drunk driving began in the 1970-1990s.

Laws have become stricter for drivers whose age was less than 21 years. They were forbidden to get behind the wheel with BAC more than 0.01-0.02% (practically zero tolerance). In 2013, all 50 states were called to reduce the alcohol level limit from 0.08% to 0.05%. This initiative of the National Transportation Safety Board is connected with the fact that the statistics of drunken accidents has reached 1/3 of all deaths on the road and this fact has attracted increased attention to the problem. This example may be mentioned in a “Why not to drink and drive?” essay. The issue of reducing the BAC limit caused a storm of discussions on the Internet. Many bloggers encouraged their subscribers to support the changes.

At the federal level, the authorities decided that the BAC level for drivers working on commercial vehicles should not exceed a dose of 0.04%. Even if the concentration of alcohol in blood is less than 0.04% but more than 0.02%, a person should be removed from duty for 24 hours.

In some states, there is a concept of partial ability to drive (partial impairment). This usually means a level of alcohol between 0.05% and 0.08%.

In 2016, the Supreme Court ruled that breath and blood tests for alcohol content can be considered as a search prescribed by the Fourth Amendment. Checking the breath can be carried out by traffic police officers without a special warrant. The situation is different with the blood test because the skin is damaged. The authorities try to persuade the police to use safe means.

In Arizona, there are such concepts as Extreme DUI (0.15% of alcohol in blood) and Super Extreme DUI (0.20%). In California, individuals convicted of drunk driving and being on probation should not exceed the norm of 0.01%. There are also many other examples when local authorities in the US modify common standards.

It may be emphasized in essays on drinking and driving that a problem of the discrepancy of laws exists in the United States. Local authorities interpret the same concepts in different ways. For example, the terms ‘driving’ and ‘actual physical control’ have different meanings. In the first case, we always mean moving, and in the second, the vehicle can remain static, but the person in a driver’s seat may carry out certain manipulations (even if it’s just switching of the headlights). When comparing the laws of different states, it is extremely important to take into account such differences.

Naturally, we understand that a fine should be levied only on a person who is drunk while moving on a road and thereby creating a threat of a car accident. However, without a clear formulation in the law, accusations can be attributed even to those who simply sit in a vehicle. You can describe the problem of interpreting the laws in your drinking and driving persuasive essay and consider several situations when penalties were justified and, vice versa, when there was no real reason to impose a fine.

Local legislation largely influences the severity of penalties. For example, residents of Ohio are forced to spend 3 days in prison. However, this measure can be replaced with visiting special group activities program aimed at alcohol education of the violators.

Unlike many other countries, in the US, there is a clear difference between harmless drunk driving and causing damage to others. It should be stressed in a research paper on drinking and driving that the authorities are merciless to those who committed a car accident or crippled own compatriots.

However, in some cases, the court makes concessions and allows drivers to undergo a rehabilitation program. In your “Drivers Ed” research paper you may explain that this measure is supposed to serve as a guarantee that dangerous situations will not happen again. If the violator doesn’t manage to pass the tests at the end of the course, he or she loses the privileges and takes full responsibility.

Drunk Driving Essay Writing Guide 5

Measures to prevent drunk driving

In some cases, corrective programs involve wearing special devices that detect the level of alcohol in the blood. It should be emphasized in a “How to prevent drunk driving?” essay that these measures are aimed at helping a person to abandon addiction completely.

In most cases, violators hope that their actions will stay unnoticed, but it is rather difficult if the cars are marked with special license plates (which were first introduced in Ohio). In 2004, this shameful label became mandatory for all violators. Typically, these plates are yellow with red text. In Minnesota, white plates with black or blue text are used. These plates are received by drivers who violated the rules at least 2 times in 5 years, exceeded the blood alcohol level two times, or had a child in the car at the time of the arrest.

It’s worth mentioning in an argumentative essay on drunk driving that the introduction of the ignition interlock devices was also a reasonable measure. In most cases, they are adjusted to a minimum level (zero tolerance). About half of the US states require the installation of these devices at the first violation.

Such requirements can be considered as punishment and, at the same time, as a precaution. After all, a drunken person should not be allowed to drive a car. External control is especially crucial for people with alcohol dependence who cannot regulate their actions properly.

Many drivers, however, complain that these devices are imperfect and malfunctions occur quite often. For example, a sober person can get an unsatisfactory result due to a low-quality electronic device. Then, the error is perceived as violation. Also, an irritating factor is that the indications should be updated every half an hour. If the driver forgets to re-check their own state, this may also be regarded as a violation. In different states, various punishments (usually fines) for improper use of the device are imposed. And in some administrative units it is even viewed as a criminal offense.

Proposals were made regarding the installation of ignition interlock devices on all new cars. This initiative may also be considered in a drinking and driving argumentative essay, but rather as a theory than a reasonable practical step. Obstacles for implementing this regulation are associated with the inconvenience of using the devices, their inaccuracy, and the nonconformity of many modern cars to the required standards.

Stoppage and detention

The arrest procedure may vary from state to state. However, it should be emphasized in essays about drunk driving that the general concept always remains the same. First, the policeman should have reasonable suspicion. Officers cannot exceed their powers and blame citizens for no apparent reason. They are guided by an official protocol with clearly prescribed steps.

Upon noticing weird behavior on the road, a policeman should stop the car, approach it, and ask a series of questions. The external signs and behavior of the driver are assessed. Important signals are alcohol smell, inarticulate speech, redness of the skin, slowing of reactions and thinking, excessive aggression or arrogance, and presence of open bottles of liquor. If an officer notices some of these signs and thinks that the driver may be drunk, the latter is asked to get out of the car and undergo a quick test for alcohol content in the blood or exhaled air. The information received may serve as a basis for further detention.

Drunk Driving Essay Writing Guide 6

It is important to note in a drinking while driving essay that the reason for stopping can be an uneven trajectory of movement, speeding, driving on the sidewalk, etc. Moreover, anonymous messages from citizens who saw an uncontrollable vehicle may serve as an adequate reason for suspicion. Also, the following factors may be listed in a drunk driving persuasive essay as the ones that usually cause increased attention of police officers: 

  • slow movement,
  • stopping in the middle of the road for no obvious reason,
  • short distance from other vehicles,
  • contact of tires with road markings,
  • random increase and decrease in speed,
  • driving on the lane of the opposite movement,
  • inappropriate use of sound and light signals,
  • sharp turns.

The policemen use field tests that allow determining the probability of intoxication right on the spot. The driver can also be asked to perform various actions, for example, to put the finger on the nose or to stand on one leg. However, you may point out in drinking and driving research papers that such a check is only 65-68% reliable. People can fail the test due to traumas, illnesses, old age, and low or excessive body weight. Therefore, field tests should be considered as a tool for collecting additional information about the behavior of the driver and not the basis for arrest. There were cases when the police accused absolutely sober people of being intoxicated.

The Preliminary breath test and screening are much more reliable. Their indications can serve as a real reason for the arrest. In different states, devices of various level of complexity are used: both inexpensive and simple versions or large but more accurate and reliable instruments.

Such check is mandatory. By refusing to pass it, a driver risks to worsen the situation. According to the law, the refusal to take a breath test may be considered a criminal liability. After the arrest, the driver must undergo a chemical test of breathing, blood, and sometimes urine. However, to demand a BAC test, the police should have a warrant, as damage to body tissues is an extreme measure.

If the test shows that the alcohol level is less than 0.08%, the driver is released without any penalties. However, sometimes accusations may be based on the signs of inadequate driving that were noticed by the officer. The results of the field tests also can play an important role.

Drunk drivers remain in custody until they are considered sufficiently sober to be released on bail. Then, the date of their trial is prescribed.

Drunk Driving Essay Writing Guide 7

Useful tips for writing a perfect driving under the influence essay

The above information should help you delve into the topic. However, it is necessary to observe several important rules. Drinking and driving essay free examples are accessible on the Internet. You may download several versions of them to get acquainted with the basic features of the genre. Also, you should take into account the recommendations outlined below.

The volume of the essay is usually small. For clarity, you can divide the drunk driving essay outline into several parts:

  1. Introduction (formulation of the problem, thesis).
  2. Key points with commentaries and arguments.
  3. Author’s position.
  4. Conclusion.

Moreover, here are some tips for writing a good essay to any topic:

  • Before starting the work, you should read some credible articles several times. Write out the ideas that seem most interesting to you. There can be quite a lot of them. However, this step is necessary to create a basis for an informed choice.
  • Then, make up a drinking and driving essay outline listing the key points you have chosen for discussion in the previous step and their argumentation. Then you can work on the style of the text and make it readable.
  • If you find it difficult to determine the problem of the essay, trace the position of authors who wrote papers on similar informative essay topics. Think whether you agree with them or whether you see other ways out of the situation under discussion.
  • If your attention was attracted by several drunk driving essay topics, determine the most important of them, and consider them in detail. It is not recommended to concentrate on several issues that are not related.
  • Formulating a comment on the problem, you should pay attention to the style of the text. Of course, the presence of statistical information and citations from credible sources will only strengthen the argumentation. However, it is essential for a writer to believe in the idea which he or she conveys to the audience.
  • Arguments should be relevant and correct, subordinate to the general idea of ​​the text.
  • Your drinking and driving essay conclusion should be short but convincing.
  • After finishing the whole text, you should proofread it and determine whether the logical links between the paragraphs are preserved and if there are any mistakes (orthographic, punctuation, or stylistic).

Over time, it may become obvious that essay writing is not only easy but also an incredibly enjoyable process. After all, you have a unique opportunity to express your thoughts, to share your own outlook with the surrounding people, and perhaps, even to change the world we all live in. We wish you to enjoy the freedom of creativity and get high grades. Good luck!


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