June 4, 2018
There is an opinion among the students that writing an essay is quite an easy task. They pay a great attention to a design of a title page, bibliography, but the content of an abstract does not meet basic requirements for such works. So, how to write a good negative effects of smoking cigarettes essay?
To begin with, it is necessary to recollect English language lessons in high school. An essay is a presentation of your own thoughts and ideas that have arisen on the basis of one or several sources.
There are differences in the purposes of an abstract. It can be a standard thesis statement on smoking with the subsequent confirmation of the main idea. Students prove expressed points of view using researches of physicians and psychologists. Also, the work may have elements of a literary composition in which you will express your own attitude to the topic.
Approximate structural plan of a research paper on smoking
Stylistically and compositionally, an essay on smoking should have a strict structure. It includes:
- Smoking essay introduction. Here, a brief description of the topic is given, goals, objectives and problematic questions are mentioned. It is necessary to indicate on the basis of which sources a paper was written. In fact, this is a rationale for considering a chosen problem or some actual source. The key question of an introductory part is "Why?"
- Main part. It considers those aspects that realize goals and tasks, answer the problem questions. The main part should not consist of a long continuous text. It is necessary to add sub-headings and sections into chapters. It should be remembered that a thesis about smoking set in the introductory part should be disclosed reasonably, fully and correspond to conclusions that will be announced in a relevant part of an abstract.
- Final part. This section should be consistent with the stated problem. In this case, if we are talking about a review, conclusions should be made by a referent himself. If you write a summary (a short essay about smoking), a speaker simply voices a general conclusion on the basis of goals or questions raised in the introduction.
- Lastly, a bibliography is compiled. It is a list of a literature used in the work. It's worth remembering that an abstract shouldn't have many sources. A Too long list can cause a certain distrust. There is the only exception for reference books and dictionaries if their use is justified by a subject of an abstract.
As far as the abstract is concerned about the dangers of tobacco, the introductory part should have a convincing thesis about smoking. It should be relevant to the modern society. For example, you may write a smoking should be banned in public places essay. This topic is lively discussed today. You can set out different points of view and lead a reader to the opinion that you think is correct. Observe a compliance of selected sources with the main issues of the tobacco control.
Such abstracts are a part of a purposeful work on the promotion of a healthy lifestyle. This imposes certain requirements. It is not recommended to use any unproved, questionable or advertising information. Such an approach will reduce a credibility of a referent and the content of a research paper about smoking. Thus, sources should be reliable and not bear subjective unconfirmed conclusions. In this case your work will be written as great as if it was bought in the best research paper writing service.
How is an anti-smoking essay evaluated?
The simplest way is to download an essay about smoking cigarettes from resources on the Web. But then you should not be surprised by a low mark for your work. The level of an author and a content should be equal. Conclusions should be made on your own and not copied from other sources.
It’s recommended to write an abstract only after a careful study of the problem and taking into account the current state of the tobacco campaign. Modernity, relevance, scientific and factual authenticity, integrity of a cause and effect essay on smoking will make your work qualitative and useful.
Next, you will find out key ideas that can be used in your research.
Content for a quit smoking essay
It’s better to start a persuasive essay about smoking with a statistical information. Mention that each smoker who consumes 20 cigarettes per day voluntarily shortens his life by five years. One cigarette "costs" him 5,5 minutes. The mortality among smokers is on average 50% higher than among non-smokers.
Sooner or later, lovers of cigarettes develop pathological changes in airways, heart, vessels, gastrointestinal tract, which leads to the appearance of serious illnesses. According to the report of the World Health Organization (WHO), smoking causes the death of one million people each year.
This habit is one of the main causes of cancer in the United States. About 85% of lung cancer cases are caused by tobacco. You may use all these facts to come up with topical effects of smoking thesis statement.
Now, there are more and more people who are strongly negative about alcohol and tobacco. They bring smartness, sportiness, simplicity and courtesy in communication with others into fashion. Such persons are guided by a healthy lifestyle, a job that develops creative talents and leads to the realization of abilities. Thus, they resist habits which weaken a will and stultify an intellect.
Information about harm of cigarettes for your essay on smoking
Writing a smoking cause and effect essay, you can describe the psychology of the tobacco fans at various stages of the addiction progression. When a person first touches a cigarette, he does not think about serious consequences. Careless about a health, a smoker considers himself invulnerable, especially since effects of smoking appear not immediately but after a few years. They depend on an intensity and duration of smoking, a number of cigarettes per day, a depth of inhalation of tobacco smoke, etc.
Most people tend to be optimistic. Being healthy, they usually believe that they will always feel good, and diseases are inherent to other, weaker, more sensible persons. But, alas, this opinion is not justified. Your smoking effects essay should lead readers to the thought that it's worth taking preventive measures and abandoning bad habits because cigarettes worsen the health slowly.
Scientists cite the following data: if tobacco tar would be extracted from one thousand of cigarettes, up to 2 milligrams of a strong carcinogenic substance will be found in it. This dose is sufficient to cause a malignant tumor in a body of a rat or rabbit. If we consider that some people smoke up to 40 cigarettes per day or even more, they need only 25 days to smoke a thousand cigarettes.
Of course, the human body has a large safety margin due to the presence of protective mechanisms which resist the influence of extraneous factors. However, some substances are still capable of causing an irreparable harm to the health.
When do people start and quit smoking?
In most cases, everything starts in high school. Peaks occur at 14, 17 and 19 years old. You may write an informative smoking on college campuses essay. Describe psychological factors that push young people to use tobacco.
A slight decrease in the number of smokers is observed after 25 years. Men begin to sharply limit the consumption of cigarettes from 40-44 years. After 45 years, they quite often refuse to smoke at all. This happens with most of women 5 years later.
Mention that it is not so difficult to quit a bad habit in your persuasive essay on smoking. Sports, traveling, lack of contact with smokers will help to get rid of a tobacco addiction, threat of cancer, chronic bronchitis, and other diseases.
A composition of tobacco smoke for smoking cause and effect essay
While people inhale the smoke of a cigarette, the temperature on its end reaches 60 degrees and more. In such thermal conditions, the tobacco and paper smolder. About 200 harmful substances are formed including carbon monoxide, soot, benzopyrene, formic, hydrocyanic acid, arsenic, ammonia, hydrogen sulphide, acetylene, radioactive elements. Smoking one cigarette is equivalent to staying on a busy highway for 36 hours. Write about it if you want your smoking persuasive essay to be really convincing.
A cigarette usually contains several milligrams of nicotine. What is interesting: when the nicotine level is low, the frequency and depth of inhalations is larger and vice versa. Smokers tend to saturate the body with a certain quantity of the drug. The desired psychological effect is achieved then: a positive mood, calmness and comfort.
But the carbon monoxide influences the respiratory pigment of blood – a hemoglobin. The resulting carboxyhemoglobin is unable to transfer oxygen. As a result, respiration processes are disordered. It is observed that, when smoking a pack of cigarettes, a person accepts more than 400 milliliters of carbon monoxide into the body. The concentration of carboxyhemoglobin in the blood increases to 7-10%. Thus, all the organs of the smoker constantly suffer from the anoxic diet.
We get only a quarter of a toxic dose from the smoke. However, it is already a sufficient reason to write a smoking in public places essay. Many people do not agree with the fact that their health is poisoned without permission. If tobacco fans do not take care for their own organisms, they should not have any right to harm others.
The effect of smoking on the human body
Nicotine gets to the brain after 7 seconds from the first inhalation. At first glance, it improves the connection between brain cells facilitating the transfer of nerve impulses. Thinking processes are temporarily stimulated by nicotine, but then they are permanently blocked. After all, the brain needs rest. Shifting the habitual pendulum of mental activity, the smoker inevitably senses the reverse effect.
But the cunning of nicotine is not only in this. Further worsening manifests itself on the background of the prolonged smoking. The brain gets used to constant inflows of the drug which facilitates its work to some extent. Then the body begins to demand the nicotine, does not want to work on its own. The law of biological laziness comes into a force.
Like a drunkard who has to "feed" the brain with an alcohol to maintain a comfort state, the smoker is forced to "pamper" himself with the nicotine. Otherwise, the anxiety, irritability, nervousness will appear. Willy-nilly, you will smoke again. A stop smoking persuasive essay should encourage readers to avoid this insidious trap.
Respiratory organs are first to suffer from a tobacco attack. Passing through the respiratory tract, the smoke affects mucous membranes of a throat, a nasopharynx, a bronchus trachea, as well as a pulmonary alveolus. The Constant irritation of a bronchial mucosa can trigger the development of a bronchial asthma. The Chronic inflammation of an upper respiratory tract, a bronchitis accompanied by debilitating coughing - the destiny of all smokers. Undoubtedly, a link between smoking and appearance of cancer of the lip, tongue, larynx, trachea was established.
In the past decade, the increasing concern of scientists and practitioners has been caused by the detrimental effect of the tobacco smoke components on a cardiovascular system - weakening of heart and blood vessels.
Numerous experiments have shown that the level of corticosteroids, adrenaline and norepinephrine increases sharply after smoking cigarettes in comparison with the norm. These biologically active substances induce the cardiac muscle to work in a more rapid rhythm. The volume of the heart and the speed of myocardial contractions increase, a blood pressure rises.
It is observed that the heart of a smoker makes 12-15 thousand beats a day more than the heart of a non-smoker. Such a regime is uneconomic. Excessive constant loading leads to premature wear of the heart muscle. The situation is aggravated by the fact that the myocardium does not get the amount of oxygen that is necessary for such an intensive work. This is due to two reasons.
Firstly, the coronary vessels of the smoker are spasmodic, narrowed and, consequently, the blood flow is very complicated. And secondly, the blood is poor in oxygen. 10% of hemoglobin excluded from the respiratory process. This part is forced to bear the "dead weight" - the molecules of carbon monoxide.
All this contributes to the early development of a coronary heart disease and angina. It is fully justified that specialists call smoking one of the first risk factors for a myocardial infarction. It is confirmed by the statistics of industrially developed countries that infarcts in a relatively young age (40-50 years) almost exclusively happen with smokers. This is a valuable fact for your argumentative essay about smoking.
Tobacco lovers undergo hypertension much harder than non-smokers. It is often complicated by hypertensive crises, a violation of cerebral circulation.
Smoking is one of the main causes of the development of such a serious disease as obliterating endarteritis. The vascular system of legs is affected, sometimes up to the full obliteration and the appearance of gangrene. This problem is extremely rare for people who do not poison themselves with the tobacco. Compare 14% of cases for smokers with only 0.3% for non-smokers. These figures were obtained by examining a large group of patients.
The nicotine and other components of tobacco also affect the digestive system. Scientific research and clinical observations unequivocally testify: long-term smoking contributes to the occurrence of a peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.
Stomach vessels are in a state of constant spasm if a person smokes a lot for a long time. Organs are poorly supplied with oxygen and nutrients. The Secretion of gastric juice is aggravated. As a result, there is a gastritis or a peptic ulcer. A survey showed that for 69% of patients with the peptic ulcer the development of the disease had a direct relationship with the smoking. Among the operated in connection with such a dangerous complication as perforated ulcers, about 90% were inveterate smokers.
Women of middle age could keep their teeth in much better condition if they avoid smoking in youth. According to results of the research, only 26% of non-smoking ladies aged 50+ needed dental prosthetics. And there were 48% among smokers.
Smoking adversely affects human hearing organs. This harmful habit worsens their state in the same degree as the aging of the body. Even 20 cigarettes consumed per day lead to a weakening of the normal perception of a spoken language.
Smoking harms the health of a pregnant woman. The inhalation of a cigarette smoke is accompanied by its active effect on the vascular system, especially at the level of small vessels and capillaries supplying internal organs with oxygen and necessary nutrients. There is a generalized spasm of blood vessels and impairment of lungs, brain, heart, kidney functions.
The adult person who has got used to smoking does not observe any unpleasant sensations. But negative influence on the vascular system, gradually accumulating, will necessarily manifest itself in the form of a hypertonic illness, stenocardia, propensity to thromboses.
During pregnancy, the negative effect of smoking appears much faster and especially in relation to the developing embryo. It is proved that if a mother smoked before childbirth, the weight of a newborn is by 150-200 grams less than the norm.
Trisomy, that is, the presence of a superfluous chromosome in a person's genetic code often leads to serious hereditary diseases. Scientists have long been studying causes of this phenomenon. Physicians from Columbia University in New York discovered a clear link between smoking and trisomy in pregnant women. Statistical calculations showed that the risk of this deviation for female smokers is much higher than for non-smokers. This is a serious enough basis for writing a good smoking should be banned essay.
Teenager and cigarettes
Currently, many young girls and boys smoke cigarettes. It has been observed that most of them tried the tobacco potion as early as 15 years old. Quite often, it is connected with the behavior of adults, mostly parents. The example of a non-smoking father is much better than any prohibitions or suggestions that should convince us of the uselessness and harm of smoking. Conversely, a child who is accustomed to seeing parents or relatives with a cigarette in hand perceives smoking as something natural. Moreover, according to erroneous ideas of a teenager, this bad habit is a sign of courage, independence to which he aspires due to age features. Not always it brings pleasure and, of course, the body does not feel any need for tobacco. A Child just wants to seem more mature.
Dizziness, nausea, sometimes vomiting (symptoms accompanying the first cigarette) are carefully concealed from others, especially from comrades among whom teenager does not want to lose "authority". His body adapts to a tobacco poison over time. The habit becomes stable and it is much more difficult to quit it, especially for a person with a weak will.
Parents should know: the younger a child is, the more sensitive his organism is to tobacco. First of all, nicotine and other harmful elements disrupt the normal activity of the central nervous and cardiovascular systems. Not only smoking but also simply inhaling the smoke contributes to the sleep disturbance, irritability and neuroses.
Studies conducted in several schools showed that the largest number of pupils with low grades was detected in classes with the children who smoke. They noticeably lag behind peers not only in mental but also in physical development. Insufficient oxygen saturation, metabolic disorders (in particular, bad vitamin C absorption) lead to a sharp decrease in muscle strength, disruption in performance. That's why there are no real athletes among the smoking youth. Tobacco and sports are incompatible. But physical activity is precisely the thing necessary for a full-fledged development of a teenager.
It's especially sad to see girls with a cigarette in hand. They do not think about inevitable harmful consequences to which smoking leads: due to insufficient blood supply, the skin loses its elasticity, premature wrinkles appear. Tobacco not only destructively affects the appearance but also causes serious physiological disorders. For example, nicotine promotes inflammatory processes in the gums. Eventually, teeth acquire a yellowish shade and begin to break down. Results of violation the normal functioning of some organs and systems in the female body can manifest themselves later, when a woman will prepare to become a mother.
But while a person is young, full of strength and energy, he/she usually does not think about future illnesses. It seems that health and youth are eternal. Doctors persistently, resolutely, constantly struggle with smoking, especially among youth.
Why quit smoking essay is important
To quit smoking, a person must decide to say goodbye to this bad habit once and for all. Otherwise, no medication will help.
It is relatively easy to give up tobacco to a smoker with a little experience. The dependence on nicotine is not too deep. There are some useful and interesting means of reducing the craving for a cigarette which you may mention in your work.
In particular, it is recommended to rinse the mouth with a drinking soda solution (1 teaspoon per glass of water), oak bark infusion, tannin. Weaning from nicotine is promoted by a milky-vegetable diet, a long stay in the air, physical exercises, and respiratory gymnastics. As practice shows, it is easier to get rid of bad habit during the vacation. You will meet less with daily stresses. Thus, there will be minimum reasons for unnatural stimulation and relaxation.
Those who decided to say goodbye to cigarettes after many years of smoking, especially in old age, or suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular system should resort to the help of an expert in narcology.
Medical statistics concluded that the vast majority of smokers are not strong-willed people. Yes, they understand that tobacco is harmful, agree that it is necessary to stop smoking, but do not take any actions.
To help them, Swiss engineers have created a programmable cigarette case. During the first week, it may be opened once an hour, then - every 1,5 hours, and then, respectively, once in 3-4 hours. It is possible to pull out only one cigarette. Users have no chance to deceive the accessory. It is made so that when you try to get an extra cigarette, the mechanism "takes an offense" and breaks down without any possibility of a further repair.
Italian craftsmen offered another tool - a gas lighter with liquid crystals and a logic block. Figures on the display show the number of cigarettes smoked per day according to the set plan or beyond. The daily rhythm (time elapsed between two smoked cigarettes) is also calculated. If this period is shorter than the programmed one, the inscription appears on the display: "Do not hurry!"
The Japanese, filled with gloomy humor, also offered a lighter for those who want to quit smoking. The built-in miniature device plays first chords of a funeral march each time the accessory is used.
Representatives of one American firm nested a sound device in an ashtray. When users extinguish a cigarette pressing it to the bottom, a strained cough with a hoarse and gurgling sound is heard. It is well known to persons whose respiratory organs are ill because of a long-term smoking.
Such things, despite a certain curiosity, still help people to reduce the number of consumed cigarettes. The rest depends on the willpower.
Now you know how to write an argumentative paper about the harm of smoking. We hope that your scientific work will be successful. Good luck!