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Writing About Domestic Violence

Essay paper writing

Academic writing

188

The extreme nature of everyday life leads to an increase in border situations, psychopathic reactions, and conditions, cruelty and aggressiveness towards weaker individuals. This is reflected in the scale of intra-family violence, brutal crimes against women and children. Ruthless actions of family members in relation to each other took place in all societies and at all times, but not always they were considered as a social problem.

Modern reform programs of different countries highlight the reorientation of social policy on the family, the provision of rights and guarantees for women, children and youth as one of the strategic goals. The priority tasks are the formation of a system of state measures to prevent domestic violence, social rehabilitation of victims.

At present, this phenomenon just begins to become the subject of public and state policy, to be discussed and investigated. The formation of an adequate understanding of the serious consequences of family violence in society is topical now. That’s why physical abuse essays became a quite popular type of academic papers.

The identification of domestic violence as an independent social problem is only the first step aimed at solving it. There are a number of obstacles along this path: the lack of comprehensive information on the extent and causes of the use of force in the family, the absence of clear definitions and theoretical basis, federal laws to protect victims.

The relevance of the domestic violence essays is determined by the following circumstances:

  • Firstly, the growing interest in the family as a social institution and a cell of society.
  • Secondly, the increased need for social support and assistance experienced by ‘risk families’ in which violence directed primarily at weaker individuals (women, children, elderly people) who are vulnerable, require more attention and care.
  • Thirdly, the need to identify existing problems. The formation of a social family policy takes place in the context of ongoing crisis processes in the economy and public life. Therefore, identifying problems is necessary in order to prevent their aggravation and to find out what measures must be taken to stabilize the situation.

You can set and solve the following tasks writing domestic violence research paper:

  • to define the meaning of terms ‘violence’ and ‘family’;
  • to characterize such a social problem as family violence;
  • to categorize the existing kinds of family violence;
  • to identify the problems of child abuse in the family, the causes, and consequences of violence against the child;
  • to determine what kinds of violent actions are applied to women;
  • to characterize violence from the point of view of the social problem, and to mention ways to solve it.

domestic violence essay

The Essence of the basic concepts for the domestic violence essay

The definition of the term ‘violence’ and its forms

The study of force abuse was and remains an area of ​​intense controversy. Even short persuasive speech on domestic violence may be complicated not only by interpersonal and political but also by scientific subtext. As a result of the studies, it's possible to get different points of view depending on the definitions that the researchers used.

Legality is an important aspect of the terminology. Some people define violence only through illegal behavior. Others particularly emphasize the form of the action and its intention. The modern legal system distinguishes the destruction of people or property due to violent motives and damage caused by negligence.

Taking into account all of the above, it is possible to define violence as the application of various coercion forms (up to the armed force) against certain classes by other social groups, with the purpose of acquiring or maintaining economic and political domination, obtaining of some rights or privileges. In history, violence is associated primarily with the existence of antagonistic classes, that is, objective factors determined by the level of the productive forces development.

Violence, unlike the notion of ‘aggression’, has a social context. There are several main directions in the study of its causes and interpretation: biological, psychological, sociological, legal. There is also an integrative model for explaining violence, in which an attempt is made to combine all the directions into a single concept.

As a rule, researchers consider the source of rude actions and the victim inseparably. Violence is an interactive process. To explain it, it is necessary to take into account the behavior of both sides.

There are many theories of overcoming and preventing the abuse of force which may be described in domestic violence research. In particular, sublimation proved to have the positive effect.

Psychological detente which comes as a result of actions replacing the real manifestation of violence (the opportunity to speak out, write a story, express own attitude towards the hero of the film, etc.) is used to reorganize socially dangerous behavioral reactions. However, changing the object of aggression does not lead to a significant change in the conflict orientation of behavior.

Violence is associated with such phenomena as sadism and masochism. Causing suffering, offender fulfills his desires, arouses the pleasure. Moral masochism is manifested in the fact that its subject seeks to take the victim's position under the influence of an unconscious sense of guilt. Sadism is considered as sexuality expressed in violence against another person. However, in a broader sense, sadism also means violence not associated with sexual contact.

The abuse of force is closely connected with the issues of aggression, perceived as one of the forms of its manifestation. Aggression is a tendency or a set of inclinations expressed in real behavior or fantasies the purpose of which is to harm another person or group of people, to destroy, humiliate, coerce them to some actions, etc.

Violence has manifest and structural forms. Structural violence has the character of public recognition. It is represented in culture, social symbols, political rituals and attributes. So, this is a form of legitimate abuse. Manifest violence varies in social, family, and sexual terms. Both these types are used in destructive forms of conflict development, characterized by hostility, aggressiveness in relations, cause intentional or local damage.

As a solution to domestic violence paper, it’s worth mentioning that people have established ‘primary’ and ‘secondary’ forms of control over the manifestations of cruelty. ‘Primary’ control has the character of social, cultural traditions and customs. Universalized norms are designed to maintain public order. ‘Secondary’ control is carried out with the help of special authorities, primarily state (police, social workers, teachers, etc.).

Violence for revenge is characteristic to both primitive and civilized groups of people. However, a mature healthy person is less motivated by a thirst for revenge than a weak or neurotic. For the latter, revenge has become a form of restoration of self-esteem and identity, an element of personal movement. Erich Fromm showed the relationship between the intensity of the sense of revenge and economic, cultural savagery, the impoverishment of social groups.

Johan Galtung, describing structural violence, focused on cultural abuse of force. He noted that structural violence begins to be perceived as fair or, in any case, not a bad thing. Justification of violence is not something permanent in society. It can grow, turn into the principle of social relations (for example, the growth of class / racial hatred), or people may refuse such an assessment and lean towards humanity, universal values, the concept of cooperation. Accordingly, there is a change in social orientations and policies.

Definition of the concept ’family’

To prove the importance of your abusive relationship essay, note that the family has always been at the center of attention of social thought, progressive figures and scientists. And this is not surprising. The family is a system of human social functioning which is influenced not only by socio-political conditions but also by internal processes of its development.

In its significance, the role of the family is not comparable to any other social institutions, since the personality is formed and develops here. The social roles necessary for the adaptation of the child to surrounding reality are mastered. The family acts as the first educational institution the connection with which a person feels throughout all his life.

The set of definitions of the concept ‘family’ existing in the literature can be conditionally divided into three categories.

1. In the first category, the emphasis is on the fact that the family is a small social group, the most important form of personal life organization based on a conjugal union and kinship ties, i.e. relations between husband and wife, parents and children, brothers and sisters and other relatives living together and leading a common household. Through the family, generations of people replace each other, the dynasties are preserved. Modern researchers study it as a sphere in which personal needs of a person are satisfied most naturally.

2. In the second group of definitions, the emphasis is on understanding the family as a social institution, the interdependence of the family and society. It is a stable form of relationships in which the everyday life of people is carried out: sexual contacts, childbearing and primary socialization of kids, a significant part of household activities, educational and medical care, especially in relation to children and the elderly.

3. The third group of definitions characterizes the family as a holistic entity. Aristotle saw in it the basis of the state, the monogamous cell of society, the community that arose to meet the daily needs of citizens.

Such a variety of definitions indicates the complexity of the phenomenon. So, you have to make intellectual efforts to write a good argumentative essay on domestic violence.

The family ‘does not fit’ into the framework of any area of ​​knowledge. Its various parts are described by at least ten independent sciences. Each family researcher, in accordance with his goals, takes one aspect of family relations for consideration (philosophical, historical, economic, demographic, sociological, medical, psychological, or pedagogical) and formulates own working definition of the family, which is often so narrow that its applicability is limited only by certain study.

Summarizing the above definitions, we can say that the family belongs to special, fundamental groups of society. It is both an independent group and a social institution. Family and marriage are social forms of regulating the relations between people who are in kinship ties. But, despite the proximity of these concepts, they are not identical.

The description of the problem for an essay on domestic violence

The family is usually perceived as a social institution in which love and a warm relationship abound. However, the opposite situation often turns out to be true: cruelty is widespread in families. You should reveal it to the readers of domestic abuse essay.

Family violence is a real act or threat of willful physical, sexual, psychological or economic impact, coercion of one family member by another in order to control, intimidate the relatives and satisfy own needs. Abuse of force is usually a repetitive cycle with increasing frequency.

The domestic violence has long been a taboo area. Up to the present time, there is resistance of the society to solve this problem. In the public consciousness and the media, the violence is presented in a very simplified form of the ‘horrors of individual cases’. There are many myths about it, such as violence occurs only in socially disadvantaged families, there is a certain appearance and social status of citizens subjected to cruel treatment, etc.

In the family violence essay, you can assert absolutely confidently that this phenomenon exists in all social groups regardless of level of income, education, social position, class, race, cultural, religious, socioeconomic aspects, that is, the different types and forms of domestic abuse cover the entire population.

There are several categories of cruelty in the family: child abuse; violence directed against the spouse; poor treatment of the elderly, etc. The peculiarity of domestic violence (both for the offender and for the victim) is the need to continue to communicate, maintain a system of interpersonal relationships.

There are four distinctive features which may be mentioned in essays about domestic violence:

  1. One of the main characteristics is the presence of recurring incidents (patterns) of different types of violence (physical, sexual, psychological and economic). The pattern is an important indicator of the difference between systematic cruelty and simple conflict situation. In order for a family conflict to fall into the category of domestic violence, it must be repeated at least twice. If the conflict has a local isolated character, then the cruelty has a repetitive nature and consists of incidents that follow one after another. The conflict usually has some specific problem that can be solved at once.
  2. The second fundamental difference between domestic violence and other aggressive acts is the peculiarities of the relationship between the object and the subject of cruel actions. Unlike a crime committed on the street by a stranger, domestic violence occurs in relations between close people, including spouses or sexual partners, children, other relatives.
  3. As studies show, domestic violence has a clear gender orientation in various countries of the world. Most often, women become the victims. Ladies resort to cruelty mostly after they repeatedly have been in the offended position. Often, women abuse force against men as a means of self-defense. They try to end the cruel male attitude towards themselves. Only a few women systematically use violence to rule over their husbands. Not many wives have the physical strength necessary for this. In addition, women, unlike men, are deprived of cultural approval of the use of force.
  4. It should be noted in domestic violence papers that, of course, not only woman suffers in a critical situation. Speaking about the danger posed by domestic violence and the extent of its impact, it worth mentioning that even if cruel acts are directed only against one person, all other family members are still exposed to effect defined by researchers as ‘secondary victimization’. Its essence is that the witness faces the same psychological consequences that the victim experiences. Particularly difficult emotions break the psyche of children who see how their father mocks the mother.

Some other characteristic features of domestic violence:

  • beginning in the family, abuse of force increases in frequency and degree of cruelty with each subsequent conflict;
  • violence alternates with promises to change the behavior and apologies from the offender;
  • while trying to break the relationship, the victim is exposed to increased danger.

The types of causes (negative factors) to mention in articles on domestic violence cases:

  • psychopathic (predisposition to the violence of parents and children);
  • social - the impact of external factors: poverty, unemployment, social isolation, low educational and cultural level, etc.;
  • psychosocial (these factors are subdivided into structural, situational and communicative; the latter group is the most important).

There are four main types of domestic violence: psychological, physical, sexual and economic. A specific conflict may include all four species, several or one of them. These types can also alternate in time and move from one to another.

Summing up, it should be stated in stop the violence essay that, regardless of the circumstances, cruelty always hurts the development of the individual. The consequences of abuse of force experienced by a child or an adult can be structured by dividing them into physical (diseases, severe bodily harms), psychological (phobias, nightmares, suicidal tendencies) and social (interpersonal difficulties, antisocial behavior). A "psychological time bomb" is being created, which includes chronic depression, self-destructive thoughts, difficulties in functioning in conjugal and parental roles.

argumentative essay on domestic violence

Material for writing a persuasive speech on domestic violence classification

Physical abuse in the family

Physical violence is expressed in a direct effect on the human body: beating, bodily harm, torture. Its spectrum is wide: from minor injuries to extreme form - murder. It is relatively easy to recognize the physical violence on the basis of medical examination data.

This phenomenon has a gender focus. In culture, it is seen as a manifestation of male dominance and aggressiveness. Many men perceive cruelty as an attribute of ‘normal’ life. Domestic violence research paper topics touch upon all layers of society because a brutal attitude towards women takes place in stable married couples with children, that is, in the type of families that are considered safe and appropriate to the norm.

Women subjected to domestic physical abuse have excessive patience and readiness for repeated forgiveness of the offender. This patience is associated with a feeling of fear of economic complications, an unwillingness to leave children without a father, a pity for husband, a fear of losing respect for society. You can base research essay on why victims of domestic violence return to their abusers on these trends.

The alcohol addiction of the spouse belongs to the psychological factors characterizing the physical violence against a woman in the family. This information is based on researches conducted in many countries of the world. So, alcohol and domestic violence essay will be very relevant. In recent years, in most European states, the increase in the number of beaten husbands is observed.

The interaction of children and parents is analyzed in the context of the upbringing process which is greatly influenced by the cultural component. In traditional culture, there is a myth of the ‘usefulness’ of physical punishment for effective upbringing. This opinion legitimizes beatings in the mind of both the adult and the child.

Physical violence harms not only bodily but also psychological well-being. But it is much more difficult to reveal the psychological consequences of physical abuse. The syndrome of a beaten person is observed: painful shyness, timidity, irritability, rudeness. These forms of response are total. A person behaves in such way in all situations, spreads his fear or protest against everyone, even completely innocuous people.

Mention in violence against children essay that more than 70% of adolescents with deviant behavior have experience of physical violence (this estimate is approximately equal for boys and girls). But there is a gender difference in the nature of violence. Girls are more likely to face violence within the family, boys - outside home. Girls are beaten at a younger age, usually before the adolescent period, boys - already being the teenagers.

Culture of physical abuse in the family can be preserved for several generations. The psychology of violence becomes part of the personality of a child who has been ill-treated. He begins to express towards others the same cruelty he was subjected to. According to a number of studies, parents who use physical methods of punishment towards children often come from dysfunctional families. They also suffered from cruelty of relatives in childhood.

Psychological violence and ways to determine it

Mention the following features of psychological abuse in your domestic violence argumentative essay:

  • verbal insults;
  • blackmail;
  • acts of violence against children or other relatives aimed to establish control over a partner;
  • threats of violence towards themselves, victim or others;
  • intimidation of domestic animals or destruction of property by means of violence;
  • the pursuit;
  • control over the activities of the victim;
  • control over the circle of communication of the victim;
  • control over the victim's access to various resources (social and medical assistance, communication with friends, education, work, etc.);
  • coercion of the victim to perform humiliating actions;
  • control over the daily routine of the victim.

This type of violence is the most common and is present in almost all cases of domestic abuse. It is difficult to diagnose psychological cruelty. If all other forms of violence are easily determined because they have clear physiological effects, obvious signs of psychological impact are rarely visible and the consequences can be extremely difficult. Due to the breadth and sophistication of the forms of psychological violence, it is very hard to classify them. In addition, psychological abuse quite often does not appear independently, but along with other types of violence.

Correct public informing about psychological violence is the protection of people from its influence. Truthfully submitted, backed up by reasonable conclusions, the information not only helps the person to understand what the psychological abuse is but also develops immunity to such influences. Domestic violence research topics for students also contribute to these goals.

Nevertheless, the media (which is traditionally perceived as a source of objective information) creates myths which zombify people. The question arises: why are myths about psychological violence created if the very fact of this phenomenon is recognized at the state level?

Informing about cases of psychological abuse in society, journalists usually give an emotional and subjective description of certain events, not taking into account the scientifically grounded opinion of specialists. Thus, they give rise to everyday beliefs about violence. This situation contributes to the emergence of wrong judgments about psychological cruelty. It turns out that false circumstances are based on authentic events.

It is alarming that the generated stereotypes continue to spread because the bulk of the media uses information from such sources and does not rely on own journalistic investigations. As a result, the process of thinking is unified and collectivized. The phenomenon of ‘collective solidarity’ arises when the approval or condemnation of certain events in society has a herd character.

Informing about psychological violence without scientific research and professional analysis leads to the fact that information loses its objectivity and legal value. As a result, the state structures and law enforcement agencies (which are the first bodies to react to publicly submitted facts of violation of the law) do not take it into account.

When submitting information on psychological violence, specialists should analyze each specific case. At the same time, attention should be paid to the following: what methods of psychological violence were used; what was the ultimate goal of the psychological impact? All details must be considered based on the existing legislative framework. A very important aspect is the analysis of the consequences of psychological abuse for both the individual and society as a whole.

The causes of psychological violence against close people can be very different: from greed to a desire to change the political and social structure of society. Methods of influence on victims are also diverse.

In conclusion, it should be noted that, in any manifestation, psychological violence is an unacceptable interference in the private life of citizens which creates some significant socio-psychological problems. The evaluation of this phenomenon should be performed only with the involvement of a wide range of specialists. Therefore, we recommend referring only to reliable sources in essays on domestic violence.

Sexual violence in the family towards women and children

Sexual violence in the family towards women includes sex without mutual consent, with the use of physical force, threats, intimidation, forced sexual intercourse after beatings, sex as a means of humiliation and insult. This form of cruelty also includes such acts as blackmail, rape, coercion to sexual relations in a form unacceptable for the woman, in the presence of others or with third parties, causing of pain and harm to the victim's health through sexual acts.

Sexual violence is a widespread element of domestic abuse. The reason for this lies in gender stereotypes: marriage is often regarded as giving men the unconditional right to have sexual relations with their spouses and to use force if they do not want to have sexual contact.

Information about sexual violence in the family is usually reported by women who have a relatively short period of spousal-partnership relations, a small number of children, do not belong to the social risk groups for unemployment. These ladies are aware of their rights to own body, well acquainted with sexual enlightenment.

For older women, as a rule, the problem of sexual violence in marriage can generally seem to be non-existent due to an outdated type of socialization that does not articulate the right of women to sexual pleasure and possibility of refusal.

Having chosen one of the child abuse research topics touching upon a sexual aspect, write that such abuse means the involvement of the kid, with or without his consent, in direct or indirect sexual actions with adults, in order for the latter to feel pleasure or obtain benefits. Sexual abuse always harms the child's physical, mental or psychosexual health. It is the third most common manifestation of violence which takes place in 10% of all cases. But experts say that such a form of cruelty is often not reported because of fear or for any other reasons.

Children and adolescents involved in sexual activities do not fully understand what's happening and, therefore, are not able to give deliberate consent or refusal. Both girls and boys can become the objects of encroachment on sexual freedom and inviolability.

Note in a research paper on the effect of domestic violence on kids that the life of victims subjected to sexual abuse passes in conditions of social isolation. This phenomenon is usually concealed by both child and parents. Situations when the kid tells mom (or another family member) about violence but the adult ‘does not hear’ him are a reflection of the overall family dysfunction. The lack of mother support contributes to the duration of sexual violence.

Initially, the main aspect of the studies was the incestuous ‘father-daughter’ relationship that is described most fully. Only recently, the myth was debunked that incest takes place only in socially disadvantaged families. In order to write reliable effects of domestic violence on children essay, state that sexual harassment exists and has always existed at all socioeconomic levels.

Other forms of sexual violence are studied comparatively poorly. The focus is on sexual crimes against women and girls. There is insufficient information about the consequences of such harassment for boys. This creates a false impression of the rarity of sexual assaults against male children and the absence of serious negative effects of these crimes. But for kids under 10 years old, regardless of gender, there is a high risk of sexual abuse by adult close relatives. There is evidence that adopted children are the ‘risk group’ for sexual assault.

Economic violence

Economic violence is the attempt of one adult member of the family to deprive another of the opportunity to have the funds and the right to dispose of them at own discretion, as well as the economic pressure on underage children. The following negative factors are observed now: refusal to provide children with material goods, concealing of income, spending family money, single-handedly financial decisions, strict control of expenses.

Often, women are economically dependent on men for various reasons: the birth of a child, the prohibition to work imposed by husband, unemployment, discrimination in the labor market. On the other hand, even business ladies who earn more than their husbands can become victims of violence.

Summing up, it should be noted in scholarly research articles on domestic violence that the violations that arise after the cruel treatment affect all levels of family functioning, which leads to deep personality changes, the formation of specific relationships between relatives, special life scenarios. The further involvement of family members in the so-called ‘cycle of violence’ in roles of victim or abuser takes place.

If family violence was not stopped in time, negative potential accumulates, which harms the society as a whole. The need to respond to the experienced pain is one of the main reasons for the spread of cruelty in society. Numerous studies have shown that the majority of criminals who committed serious offences undergone the situations of physical or sexual violence in childhood.

Thus, essay about children witnessing adult domestic violence should assert that timely intervention and assistance will minimize the impact of risk factors. An important part of this process is an increase in the level of awareness by society of all the seriousness of the consequences of family brutality.

domestic violence and child abuse essay

The problems of child abuse in the family, the causes and consequences of violence

In the English terminology, the general concept of child abuse and neglect (CAN) has long been established, which means violence against children, cruel treatment, neglect of the child's needs, i.e. a wide range of actions harmful to the kids and committed by the people taking care of them.

These influences pose a serious threat to the health and safety of the growing generation. They violate the human rights to protection, support and care. There are such problems as ill-treatment, repeated unjustified punishments or restrictions that can lead to physical injuries and diseases, pose a real threat to a child's mental health, development and life.

There are the following causes of ill-treatment which should be mentioned in domestic violence and child abuse essay:

  • unemployment or low material security, alcoholism of one or both parents, loneliness or broken marriage;
  • serious housing problems intensifying tensions;
  • embitterment of parents or disappointment with the life situation;
  • physical or mental overwork;
  • egoism of parents, their desire for entertainment;
  • lack of love to the child;
  • excessive exactingness;
  • birth of one more child;
  • large number of children;
  • unwanted birth of a child (for example, as an excuse and coercion for marriage);
  • birth of a child with physical and mental disabilities;
  • peculiar behavior of the child: stubbornness, deliberate refusal to fulfill the established regime and to visit children's institutions, stealing, lying, etc.

Any kind of cruelty towards children leads to a wide variety of effects, but all they have common feature - the damage to the health or life of the kid. There are a lot of negative consequences to mention in child exposure to domestic violence essay:

  • delay in physical, speech development, growth retardation (preschool kids and younger schoolchildren);
  • impulsiveness, explosiveness of temper, bad habits (biting of nails, plucking of hair), anger;
  • attempts of suicide, loss of meaning of life (adolescents);
  • excessive complaisance;
  • nightmares, sleep disturbances, fear of darkness, difficulties in communication with people, fear of anger;
  • depression, sadness, helplessness, hopelessness, inhibition of own desires;
  • ‘sexualization of behavior’ - a constant willingness to be a sexual object, the formation of sexually colored behavior perceived as necessary aspect of life, which is the consequence of early and continuing long-term sexual abuse;
  • formation of the psychological model ‘love is always connected with a sacrifices, pain’ which violates the ability to build long-term partnerships;
  • development of a protective ‘survival strategy’ in the form of dissociation of the individual: alienation from own body which is perceived as something extraneous (‘what happens to the body does not happen to me’), a sense of unreality and partial amnesia;
  • ambivalence of experiences: the simultaneous presence of both love and hatred towards the person who subjected the child to violence;
  • feeling helpless;
  • violations of the self-esteem: the perception of own personality as bad (stigmatization), a sense of guilt, depression.

Proceeding from the above mentioned facts, it can be concluded in essay on children who witness domestic violence that they are the most vulnerable persons completely dependent on the adult part of society. Exactly through the fault of adults, they become victims of physical, sexual and emotional abuse.

The identification of domestic violence as an independent social problem indicates its relevance, the need to develop a system of preventive and corrective measures aimed at solving it. Cruel treatment of children creates a threat not only to the health, intellectual and moral development of an individual child or groups of kids but also to the security of society as a whole.

Violent actions against women

In recent decades, domestic violence has been recognized as a large-scale negative phenomenon that engenders many other social changes. On this basis, an understanding was formed that it is not enough just to condemn and punish the guilty. It is also necessary to rehabilitate the victim of violence and work with a person who committed cruel actions in order to avoid a repetition of the situation. Therefore, the objects of social impact should be both a person who suffered from violence and a person who committed brutal acts.

At a certain stage of its development, the state refused to interfere in family affairs in any situations, relieved itself of the burden of responsibility for what was happening and granted the man a fairly broad power over the woman.

Today, the laws have changed. However, the remnants of the past are alive, and the public's attitude to domestic violence has either not changed or just begins to undergo transformations. Moreover, in different states, the seriousness and depth of this problem were recognized at different time and in different conditions. This process is related to the general attitude towards the woman.

People began to speak about violence in the family publicly just recently. At the initiative of female non-governmental organizations, the first publications devoted to this problem appeared. Creation of hotlines, crisis centers, shelters for victims took place. Thanks to special unions and experts in the field of gender studies, many aspects of the etiology and genesis of abuse of force have been ‘opened up’ to society. Further work in this direction should be among research proposals on domestic violence.

Cruelty applied to women forced them to occupy a subordinate position in comparison with men in the spheres of economy, politics and public life. Their dignity is humiliated, freedom is limited. The right to inviolability of the person is violated. This is a serious obstacle to the development of a democratic, civilized society which is based on the rule of law and respect for moral values.

Violence is sometimes provoked by the victim. A woman can be the first to make a verbal or physical challenge. However, in most cases, husbands systematically use force and insults to ‘discipline their wives’ without any external background.

Most ladies associate their vulnerability with such traits as weakness, lack of will, dependence, self-doubt, cowardice, low self-esteem and psychological immaturity. As a child, these girls grew up in poor families, did not get a good education, and often got sick.

Most often, victims characterize their tormentor as a mentally unstable, two-faced, stupid person with low self-esteem who suffers from an inferiority complex, does not respect himself, aggressive individual willing to prove own dominance at someone else's expense.

According to the results of the study, female victims were divided into active and passive. The first found the strength to fight the situation in the family, the rest continue to be exposed to violence.

Active women reconsidered their relationship with the opposite sex and abandoned traditional marriage. They gradually realized that life may be much better, began to protest, to look for a new partner. Some did two or three attempts to find a new spouse and loved someone who did not use violence. In case of failure, they preferred to live without a husband. This distinguishes them from those women who continue to be victims of partners-rapists, traditional wives who live in a patriarchal family.

In this case, passive women are often confined to a relationship with a man who is the first and only one for them, so they are in serious dependence on him. Research papers on domestic violence should encourage intimidated and weak ladies to change their priorities, revise the world view in order to free themselves from the oppression.

The cycle of violence

1. Stage of pressure rise

The first stage includes the period during which the tension in the family increases. The abuser begins to get angry for minor reasons or even without them, becomes irritable and seeks an excuse for aggression. The rise of pressure is often denied by both the victim and the culprit. What happens is justified by stress, bad health, trouble at work, etc.

During the increase in tension, a woman tries to relieve it, pleases the partner in every possible way. She believes that responsibility for what is happening lies on her. Sometimes it is possible to release the tension for a while, but then it breaks out with even greater force.

This stage can last minutes or months. Worsening of situation can be wavelike. All participants accumulate fatigue from the atmosphere of suppressed aggression. Often a woman feels that she can't control the problems in the family, seeks help outside the marriage: from relatives, friends, and specialists.

2. Stage of active violence

In the second stage, the accumulated tension develops into an act of violence of any form. Almost always, it happens without strangers, can last from several minutes to several hours. Violence can be physical, sexual, or take a variety of mixed forms. It is often accompanied by insults and humiliation. The abuser shifts the blame for the committed actions to the victim.

At this stage, neither the aggressor nor the victim can deny the fact of violence but they tend to downplay its seriousness. Many view cruelty as a phenomenon provoked by a woman. Persuasive speeches on domestic violence should discredit this opinion. Here it is important to remember that the offender himself chooses the moment of committing a violent act.

3. Stage of repentance and ‘love’

This stage is the period after the violence - time for respite, relative calm and repentance. The offender asks forgiveness, gives the victim gifts, becomes kind and tender, helps the woman in everything and cares about her. He does everything to atone for his guilt, can be sincere. The victim believes in his words and the promises that the violence will not happen again.

The illusion that it is possible to improve the marital life, that the partner has finally realized everything and is ready to change is being created. In this case, the offender still blames the woman and proves that she provoked him but promises that this was the last time he hurt her. Idyll does not last long. The abuser accumulates problems again, gives rise to aggression which is expressed in the family.

Information for social work and domestic violence essay

Children

Writing the ways to prevent domestic violence essay, it’s worth noting that social work with underage victims of cruel treatment is based on the practice of warning. On own initiative, any person can inform the social service called upon to protect children or the police about an incident or suspected violence against a child in the family. Such messages should be considered not a noble intention but an elementary necessity. As for doctors, teachers, coaches, educators, it is a direct duty for them.

The message can be sent by phone, mail, submitted directly to the relevant institution within 24 hours after the incident. The law provides the immunity of informer, the preservation of anonymity and confidentiality as well as punishment for those who violate these rules.

Social workers investigate the case. Within 48 hours, they come in contact with the family along with the police and medical staff (special services work around the clock and without days off). At home, a social worker discusses the information received with the parents, communicates with the child, and carefully observes their behavior by assessing the real conditions of the family's life, contacts with specialists, teachers, neighbors, friends, and relatives of the kid.

The investigation involves an immediate medical and psychological examination of the child in a social or medical setting, hospitalization (in a shelter or a medical hospital) as a short-term protective measure (even if there is no urgent need). Consent or permission of the parents is not required. A social worker has the right to apply to the court if his investigation is resisted. Even if the accusations are not confirmed, he visits the child periodically.

Usually, interventions with the purpose of social work take place in situations of severe stress caused by violence and ill-treatment. They include the provision of specific services, psychological support, social therapy, and psychotherapy.

Completing the case suggests that the social service solves family problems after the expiration of certain time (from 3 months to 1 year). During this period, its employees must make every effort to ensure that the situation has radically improved. When it is proved that no progress is observed and there is a real threat to the life of the child, measures are taken to isolate him.

Sometimes, by a court decision, the guilty parent is forced to leave the house where he lives and where the child should return after rehabilitation. Although it is possible to make tough decisions on adult relatives, such measures are not considered as the only acceptable and rational ones. The family code of many countries also establishes the duty to protect child's rights and legitimate interests for officials and other citizens who become aware of the threat to his life and health.

Valuable information should be reported to the guardianship authorities who are obliged to protect the rights of the child. They can separate the kid from his parents (or one of them). However, the procedure is excessively bureaucratized and stretched in time. In addition, often the guardianship agencies begin to work only with cases that take extreme, irreversible forms, do not influence the possibilities of their prevention and elimination in any way.

It should be mentioned in victims of domestic violence essay that the authorities of progressive states have ratified a number of international agreements providing for combating family abuse in its various forms and manifestations: the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women and other international legal instruments.

Throughout the civilized world, the function of protecting children from family violence is performed not by law enforcement bodies in conjunction with the guardianship and trusteeship organizations, local government (i.e. bureaucrats) but by specialists in social work. Only they have experience of constant and daily contact with families falling into difficult and even dangerous situations. The social worker has the full legal right to bring strict requirements to the culprits. That is why his work proves to be the most professional, viable and effective.

The activity of social workers in United States, Germany, Holland, UK could be a good example for how to reduce domestic violence essay. Aggressive parents are afraid of them because of extremely broad powers (including the initiation of a criminal case and an application for the alienation of the child from the relatives). It should be noted that in the case of domestic violence against adults, the role of social workers is much more modest and unobtrusive.

Due to the progress of social practices in developing countries, the transition from punitive measures to supportive and therapeutic influences has already started (although not yet prevailed). Mention this fact in does arrest reduce domestic violence essay. Undoubtedly, according to the nature and specificity of the tasks, each of the departments (healthcare, education, police) can and must react at its own level and with its own means when receiving operational information about the fact of cruelty against children in the family.

You may state that the effectiveness of protection depends not on the actions of any separate (even a very strong) agency but on a set of various measures. It is not about a simple summation of the necessary actions of individual instances but about the consolidation of their efforts both at the conceptual level and in the process of implementing complex technology on the principle ‘everyone is in his place and at the right time’.

Social work with women

If you write a domestic violence against women essay, it should be mentioned that assistance to victims begins with the encouragement for the expression of feelings. Emotions not expressed in words and actions, not aimed at the outside world are doomed to remain inside. The consequence of the unexpressed feelings is the phenomenon of alexithymia. Dissociation with own emotions helps to regain lost control over the inner world and the outward situation.

Metaphors, aphorisms, fairy tales, stories could be used as effective methods of understanding the influence of socio-cultural stereotypes on psychological state of victims and fear of public condemnation. Such easy “gaming” communication helps to reassess the situation as a whole, to change and expand the outlook, to increase self-esteem. According to a large number of studies, cognitive processes constitute the most common class of fear activators. The change in the vision of oneself and the problem entails a change in the internal state.

The next important step in psychological work is the transition to decision-making. A person tries to understand own values, desires and, based on existing or potential opportunities, determines the goal or images of what she would like to achieve. Only after all this, she schedules concrete steps to achieve the desired changes.

Thus, describing domestic violence against women in America and other countries of the world, you may propose the following strategy for helping victims with complex emotional experiences: step-by-step psychological work with feelings, outlook, development, and decision-making.

The situation of violence is accompanied by a violation of interaction with the surrounding reality, a decrease in the quality of social contacts. In this regard, the role of group forms of safe, supportive and confidential communication increases in the rehabilitation system for victims of violence. The internal conflicts with this type of experience are solved owing to participation in the psychological support groups.

These are specially organized groups of people with similar psychological problems, aimed at creating of conditions for effective overcoming of difficulties. This method is one of the most reliable techniques of group crisis therapy. Its peculiarity is that it fixes the specialist and participants on the supporting positions in the interaction. It is known that empathy and emotional support alleviate suffering. Conversely, isolation and loneliness increase fear.

The support group allows to establish close contacts between the participants, to carry out the necessary measures to assist the individual in resolving the existing objective problems and also contributes to the restoration of broken personal relationships.

The advantages of the support group are also stipulated by the flexibility of the method - the use of various psychological approaches and psychotechnics. This is due to the understanding of the integrity of individual and the need for self-expression in the most diverse languages: the language of consciousness, the language of the senses and the body language.

Various psychotechnics activate different languages ​​of self-expression. Art therapy exercises, psychodrama, bodily-oriented courses, neuro-linguistic programming, counseling on rethinking life values ​​and setting goals are actively practiced by modern specialists and their patients. It will be useful to describe them in your example of essay on the emotional impact of domestic violence on a woman.

Meetings in the group are usually preceded by individual conversations with a psychologist. The optimal frequency of classes in the support group: once a week for 3-5 hours. The course should last 1.5-2.5 months. The number of participants can vary from 7 to 15 people.

It is necessary to systematically analyze the work of the support group, the dynamics of changes in behavior of women. Assessment of progress is carried out via the psychological observation, special exercises, feedback in the group, incoming and outgoing express psychodiagnostics.

Classes can be held out by one or two specialists. In the case with two people, they distribute various functions among themselves, provide support to each other which is a good example for other members of the group.

During the necessary time, the support of the group provides the woman with a sense of stability and reliability needed for internal changes, helps to compensate for the broken connection with the environment from which the victim expects condemnation and before which she is afraid to accept her problem at all. In addition, the group reinforces the belief in own strength and the possibility of successful psychotherapy, which the offended side lacks in individual counseling.

So, you may state with full confidence in your domestic violence and gender roles essay that participation in the support group is a kind of necessity for the injured women.

Typically, women need an extensive series of individual counseling to acquire skills in the field of management of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. At the initial stage, the most effective therapeutic methods are a decrease in sensitivity, relaxation, physical exercises. These techniques contribute to a partial resolution of the hard situation at the psycho-physiological level and enable the transition to work at the emotional and cognitive levels. Psychological work at the cognitive level involves changing the vision of the situation and reforming of beliefs.

Another characteristic feature is the deep loss of knowledge about own desires. This phenomenon manifests itself in the fact that a woman can't answer the questions about her life goals, wishes and finds it difficult to determine sources of pleasure. You can mention the ‘Jonah complex’ in your domestic violence cause and effect essay. It is manifested in the fear of the development of own abilities observed in a civilized society.

Losing of knowledge about personal priorities leads to a violation of the perception of own personality, blocks views directed inwards and depletes energy needed for self-development. In this regard, the psychological work on restoring lost awareness about own desires acquires special significance.

The principles of individual and group counseling: non-evaluation, equality of positions, emotional acceptance and support, absence of decisions, advices and promises on the part of the consultant. In the process of consultation, it is very important for a woman to get feedback and to hear that she, like everyone else, has the right to express her own feelings, that no one has the right to abuse her and completely control her life.

It is also important for a victim to realize the cyclical nature of domestic violence and the inner picture of post-traumatic stress disorder, the symptoms of which are fear and comprehensive sense of guilt for everything that happened. When providing psychological assistance after any type of aggression, the counselor psychologist should always be sure that the woman is not guilty and not responsible for the experienced violence.

Useful tips on how to write a research paper on domestic violence

The first thing you need to know about the academic essay is its difference from the motivation letter. Statement of purpose is aimed to convey information about you as a person and academician to the selection committee, to describe your achievements and goals for the future. Saying simply, a motivation letter is a paper about author.

As for the essay, this work is directed at external phenomena. Such academic paper should reveal your thinking, analysis and argumentation skills in relation to the domestic violence essay topics. Therefore, in many aspects, the approach to writing essays differs from work on a motivational letter, although there are many similarities.

Advantages of essays

If you consider writing of anger management research paper as a boring task consisting mostly of routine, this is a serious mistake. In fact, the introduction of this type of academic works into the educational process is marked by a number of positive factors which include:

  • teacher's ability to assess the student's analytical talents;
  • identifying the individuality of the student by reading his work;
  • for the author, it is an opportunity to show own knowledge in practice.

Even if it will be quite hard to start working on such project, in the end, it will become clear that there is nothing difficult in writing essay on how to stop domestic violence if you follow the certain rules.

The structure of the text is similar to the banal abstracts that any pupil was writing at school. The main thing is that there are slightly different requirements to the very thought of the author. His task is to reflect all those emotions and feelings that he experienced when faced some phenomenon.

So, summarizing the information given above, it is worth noting that the essay is a full-fledged academic paper that serves as an excellent tool for new achievements in the sphere of writing good and quality projects. Having studied the features and characteristics of the essay, you can raise own professional level and improve academic performance in many ways. If you start to treat such small tasks competently, then it will be easier to build and develop a clear strategy of further learning process.

If a student is able to write an essay professionally, work on any questions will become elementary for him. Moreover, there are cases when students were so fond of writing such papers that completely changed their qualifications and chose faculties associated with a large number of creative projects. There are a lot of historical examples when the famous writers, during their studies, differed in professional approach to writing essays, courseworks and other academic papers.

Domestic violence argumentative essay topics

The topic can be prescribed by the teacher. Also, a specific area to which the text should directly relate (domestic violence as cause of divorce essay, domestic violence and substance abuse essay, police corruption with domestic violence essay, etc.) could be determined.

Third option: you choose the main topic of research at own discretion. Remember that it is important to work on the question via which you can explain your position most logically.

Mistakes when choosing a topic:

  • Obvious conclusions. What would you have thought after reading 6 pages of argumentation of the thesis ‘man descended from a monkey’? Of course, it is fine if you have found revolutionary proofs of the theory of evolution, but this is no longer an essay.
  • Too controversial issue. Do not touch upon the topics which are traditionally not discussed: religion, politics, personal preferences, etc. The point is not to show your indifference. Your opinion just may contradict the ideology of a member of the commission. Even if such questions are genuinely interesting to you, postpone them for future research. Student essay is not the best place for such reflections.

Domestic violence essay outline

According to the standard structure, domestic violence research paper outline should include three main blocks: introduction, main part (theses and arguments) and conclusion.

The thesis is the main idea of ​​the work. You can use it even after the argumentation, but, in this case, it will be a part of the conclusion. If you already have an opinion on a given issue, start with the thesis and then give the arguments.

The main thing is the consistency of the text. If you borrow excerpts from other people's works or quotes from books, use the footnotes. Divide the text into paragraphs according to the course of thought. The argumentation should consist of several parts. List them in the domestic violence outline for a research paper before you will start writing.

Domestic violence essay introduction

When writing any interesting text, the first task is to create a ‘hook’, i.e. some phrase that will awaken the reader's interest and is directly related to the main topic. Be original, but do not overdo. Try to find something that characterizes domestic violence essay thesis or the posed problem most accurately, for example, the opinion of a well-known specialist in the field under consideration or fact (maybe unremarkable at first glance) that suits your opinion as well as possible.

It is not obligatory to start a paper with a hook. You can use it during the writing of the main part. But, in the final version of the text, its use in the introduction is highly desirable.

Then you should gradually develop the idea of the hook to come to the main part of the work. In a few words, describe the problem posed, but do not make the text too voluminous - write only what directly affects your thesis statement for domestic violence research paper.

Frequent mistakes in the introduction:

  • Cliche. Most students use shocking facts from the press, ‘rules of life’ of famous people or rather flat jokes. Such details annoy the admission committee. Examiners are unlikely to pay attention to such introduction.
  • Dryness. Remember, your task is to draw and maintain attention throughout the text. If the dry statement of facts begins already in the introduction, even with a good hook, the interest of the reader will fade away even before the main part of the essay.
  • Inconsistency. Trace the clear connections between thoughts and facts that relate to the main theme, the introduction, and subsequent paragraphs. Do not use excess information, structure the text as clearly as possible.

Domestic violence thesis statement

After choosing the topic of term paper on domestic violence, the first task is to form the thesis. It is not a certain proven fact and not the result of observations. It is also not argumentation, not a complex of cause-effect relationships and not a description of some phenomenon. All this will be used further. The thesis is the main idea of ​​your essay. Its essence should lie in several statements.

Imagine the situation: you sit in front of the commission member with an essay in your hands. Without reading the work, he asks: ‘What is the main idea of ​​this paper?’ The thesis is those few phrases that can answer this question without unnecessary clarifications and corrections. The presence of the thesis in the text not only helps the reader to understand the basic idea but also to see how much author understood it, whether the rest of the text is consistent with it.

Note that, as a rule, the topic of the essay is controversial and does not imply an unambiguous answer. That is why your task is not to find an objective solution (which, most likely, simply does not exist) but to make the argumentation of own point of view.

Mistakes in stating the thesis:

  • Interrogative form. It is not recommended to use too much research questions on domestic violence. The main goal of the thesis is to express your opinion. If you approach the topic too philosophically and do not occupy a certain position, your paper will lose the very meaning of the argumentation and turn into abstract reflections which have not found the answer. No doubts. Be sure, but, at the same time, not too radical.
  • Too long form. Remember that an important criterion is the observance of the basic canons. By definition, thesis is a capacious but not a voluminous statement. Differ the conclusion from the arguments and do not stretch the thesis to the whole page.
  • Uncertainty. Do not use the thesis for further controversy. The reader should easily trace the chain of your thoughts. The excess research question about child abuse may cause confusion and create the impression that you simply decided not to bring your reflections to the end.

Argumentation of essay on domestic violence in families

At this stage, it is necessary to describe the reasons which determine the thesis. Devote a small paragraph to each of them and control the completeness of the text, use contrasts - try to ensure that each next paragraph is different from the previous one without violating the logical chain.

The main criteria that must be observed in the argumentation of cause and effect essay on domestic violence: connectedness with the main topic, sequence, chronology, and contrast. Build the main part based on these principles. Remember that the thesis can be added at the end of the work. Do not focus on traditional structure.

The main mistakes in the arguments:

  • Reiteration. Do not develop the same idea in two paragraphs. This contradicts their uniqueness. A new argument should be in each new paragraph.
  • Extra information. Make sure that all sentences are directly related to the main topic. Even if you have an irresistible desire to write an incredibly interesting fact, re-read it several times. Maybe it is better to use such a statement as a ‘hook’.
  • Inconsistency. If you used a link to extraneous facts in the new paragraph, make sure that they were described above. Do not confuse the logical connection by untimely events.

Domestic violence essay conclusion

In the last part of the effect of domestic violence on family essay, you need to concisely finish the main idea. Summarize the arguments, briefly, repeat the thesis if it was mentioned at the beginning of the work. Provide a thesis if you decided to present it after the arguments.

The main mistakes in the conclusion:

  • New arguments. The conclusion is inherently not an informative but a summary part. Do not add new facts in the end. It is better to add one more paragraph in the main part.
  • Reiteration. It is not necessary to describe domestic violence essay outlines and literally repeat what was written above. If the examiner has reached the conclusion, he has already read it.

Titles for domestic violence papers

Despite the fact that this is the first detail that the reader will see, you can come up with it at the very end. It is much easier to choose domestic violence essay titles when the text is ready and the author clearly realizes to what conclusion he came. Do not use cumbersome phrases. Try to express the whole essence of your work in a few words. The examiner should immediately understand what problem you have considered.

We hope that this instruction was useful and it will be easy for you to write quality how to prevent domestic violence essay. Good luck!

The extreme nature of everyday life leads to an increase in border situations, psychopathic reactions, and conditions, cruelty and aggressiveness towards weaker individuals. This is reflected in the scale of intra-family violence, brutal crimes against women and children. Ruthless actions of family members in relation to each other took place in all societies and at all times, but not always they were considered as a social problem. Modern reform programs of different countries highlight the reorientation of social policy on the family, the provision of rights and guarantees for women, children and youth as one of the strategic goals. The priority tasks are the formation of a system of state measures to prevent domestic violence, social rehabilitation of victims. At present, this phenomenon just begins to become the subject of public and state policy, to be discussed and investigated. The formation of an adequate understanding of the serious consequences of family violence in society is topical now. That’s why physical abuse essays became a quite popular type of academic papers. The identification of domestic violence as an independent social problem is only the first step aimed at solving it. There are a number of obstacles along this path: the lack of comprehensive information on the extent and causes of the use of force in the family, the absence of clear definitions and theoretical basis, federal laws to protect victims. The relevance of the domestic violence essays is determined by the following circumstances: Firstly, the growing interest in the family as a social institution and a cell of society. Secondly, the increased need for social support and assistance experienced by ‘risk families’ in which violence directed primarily at weaker individuals (women, children, elderly people) who are vulnerable, require more attention and care. Thirdly, the need to identify existing problems. The formation of a social family policy takes place in the context of ongoing crisis processes in the economy and public life. Therefore, identifying problems is necessary in order to prevent their aggravation and to find out what measures must be taken to stabilize the situation. You can set and solve the following tasks writing domestic violence research paper: to define the meaning of terms ‘violence’ and ‘family’; to characterize such a social problem as family violence; to categorize the existing kinds of family violence; to identify the problems of child abuse in the family, the causes, and consequences of violence against the child; to determine what kinds of violent actions are applied to women; to characterize violence from the point of view of the social problem, and to mention ways to solve it. The Essence of the basic concepts for the domestic violence essay The definition of the term ‘violence’ and its forms The study of force abuse was and remains an area of intense controversy. Even short persuasive speech on domestic violence may be complicated not only by interpersonal and political but also by scientific subtext. As a result of the studies, it's possible to get different points of view depending on the definitions that the researchers used. Legality is an important aspect of the terminology. Some people define violence only through illegal behavior. Others particularly emphasize the form of the action and its intention. The modern legal system distinguishes the destruction of people or property due to violent motives and damage caused by negligence. Taking into account all of the above, it is possible to define violence as the application of various coercion forms (up to the armed force) against certain classes by other social groups, with the purpose of acquiring or maintaining economic and political domination, obtaining of some rights or privileges. In history, violence is associated primarily with the existence of antagonistic classes, that is, objective factors determined by the level of the productive forces development. Violence, unlike the notion of ‘aggression’, has a social context. There are several main directions in the study of its causes and interpretation: biological, psychological, sociological, legal. There is also an integrative model for explaining violence, in which an attempt is made to combine all the directions into a single concept. As a rule, researchers consider the source of rude actions and the victim inseparably. Violence is an interactive process. To explain it, it is necessary to take into account the behavior of both sides. There are many theories of overcoming and preventing the abuse of force which may be described in domestic violence research. In particular, sublimation proved to have the positive effect. Psychological detente which comes as a result of actions replacing the real manifestation of violence (the opportunity to speak out, write a story, express own attitude towards the hero of the film, etc.) is used to reorganize socially dangerous behavioral reactions. However, changing the object of aggression does not lead to a significant change in the conflict orientation of behavior. Violence is associated with such phenomena as sadism and masochism. Causing suffering, offender fulfills his desires, arouses the pleasure. Moral masochism is manifested in the fact that its subject seeks to take the victim's position under the influence of an unconscious sense of guilt. Sadism is considered as sexuality expressed in violence against another person. However, in a broader sense, sadism also means violence not associated with sexual contact. The abuse of force is closely connected with the issues of aggression, perceived as one of the forms of its manifestation. Aggression is a tendency or a set of inclinations expressed in real behavior or fantasies the purpose of which is to harm another person or group of people, to destroy, humiliate, coerce them to some actions, etc. Violence has manifest and structural forms. Structural violence has the character of public recognition. It is represented in culture, social symbols, political rituals and attributes. So, this is a form of legitimate abuse. Manifest violence varies in social, family, and sexual terms. Both these types are used in destructive forms of conflict development, characterized by hostility, aggressiveness in relations, cause intentional or local damage. As a solution to domestic violence paper, it’s worth mentioning that people have established ‘primary’ and ‘secondary’ forms of control over the manifestations of cruelty. ‘Primary’ control has the character of social, cultural traditions and customs. Universalized norms are designed to maintain public order. ‘Secondary’ control is carried out with the help of special authorities, primarily state (police, social workers, teachers, etc.). Violence for revenge is characteristic to both primitive and civilized groups of people. However, a mature healthy person is less motivated by a thirst for revenge than a weak or neurotic. For the latter, revenge has become a form of restoration of self-esteem and identity, an element of personal movement. Erich Fromm showed the relationship between the intensity of the sense of revenge and economic, cultural savagery, the impoverishment of social groups. Johan Galtung, describing structural violence, focused on cultural abuse of force. He noted that structural violence begins to be perceived as fair or, in any case, not a bad thing. Justification of violence is not something permanent in society. It can grow, turn into the principle of social relations (for example, the growth of class / racial hatred), or people may refuse such an assessment and lean towards humanity, universal values, the concept of cooperation. Accordingly, there is a change in social orientations and policies. Definition of the concept ’family’ To prove the importance of your abusive relationship essay, note that the family has always been at the center of attention of social thought, progressive figures and scientists. And this is not surprising. The family is a system of human social functioning which is influenced not only by socio-political conditions but also by internal processes of its development. In its significance, the role of the family is not comparable to any other social institutions, since the personality is formed and develops here. The social roles necessary for the adaptation of the child to surrounding reality are mastered. The family acts as the first educational institution the connection with which a person feels throughout all his life. The set of definitions of the concept ‘family’ existing in the literature can be conditionally divided into three categories. 1. In the first category, the emphasis is on the fact that the family is a small social group, the most important form of personal life organization based on a conjugal union and kinship ties, i.e. relations between husband and wife, parents and children, brothers and sisters and other relatives living together and leading a common household. Through the family, generations of people replace each other, the dynasties are preserved. Modern researchers study it as a sphere in which personal needs of a person are satisfied most naturally. 2. In the second group of definitions, the emphasis is on understanding the family as a social institution, the interdependence of the family and society. It is a stable form of relationships in which the everyday life of people is carried out: sexual contacts, childbearing and primary socialization of kids, a significant part of household activities, educational and medical care, especially in relation to children and the elderly. 3. The third group of definitions characterizes the family as a holistic entity. Aristotle saw in it the basis of the state, the monogamous cell of society, the community that arose to meet the daily needs of citizens. Such a variety of definitions indicates the complexity of the phenomenon. So, you have to make intellectual efforts to write a good argumentative essay on domestic violence. The family ‘does not fit’ into the framework of any area of knowledge. Its various parts are described by at least ten independent sciences. Each family researcher, in accordance with his goals, takes one aspect of family relations for consideration (philosophical, historical, economic, demographic, sociological, medical, psychological, or pedagogical) and formulates own working definition of the family, which is often so narrow that its applicability is limited only by certain study. Summarizing the above definitions, we can say that the family belongs to special, fundamental groups of society. It is both an independent group and a social institution. Family and marriage are social forms of regulating the relations between people who are in kinship ties. But, despite the proximity of these concepts, they are not identical. The description of the problem for an essay on domestic violence The family is usually perceived as a social institution in which love and a warm relationship abound. However, the opposite situation often turns out to be true: cruelty is widespread in families. You should reveal it to the readers of domestic abuse essay. Family violence is a real act or threat of willful physical, sexual, psychological or economic impact, coercion of one family member by another in order to control, intimidate the relatives and satisfy own needs. Abuse of force is usually a repetitive cycle with increasing frequency. The domestic violence has long been a taboo area. Up to the present time, there is resistance of the society to solve this problem. In the public consciousness and the media, the violence is presented in a very simplified form of the ‘horrors of individual cases’. There are many myths about it, such as violence occurs only in socially disadvantaged families, there is a certain appearance and social status of citizens subjected to cruel treatment, etc. In the family violence essay, you can assert absolutely confidently that this phenomenon exists in all social groups regardless of level of income, education, social position, class, race, cultural, religious, socioeconomic aspects, that is, the different types and forms of domestic abuse cover the entire population. There are several categories of cruelty in the family: child abuse; violence directed against the spouse; poor treatment of the elderly, etc. The peculiarity of domestic violence (both for the offender and for the victim) is the need to continue to communicate, maintain a system of interpersonal relationships. There are four distinctive features which may be mentioned in essays about domestic violence: One of the main characteristics is the presence of recurring incidents (patterns) of different types of violence (physical, sexual, psychological and economic). The pattern is an important indicator of the difference between systematic cruelty and simple conflict situation. In order for a family conflict to fall into the category of domestic violence, it must be repeated at least twice. If the conflict has a local isolated character, then the cruelty has a repetitive nature and consists of incidents that follow one after another. The conflict usually has some specific problem that can be solved at once. The second fundamental difference between domestic violence and other aggressive acts is the peculiarities of the relationship between the object and the subject of cruel actions. Unlike a crime committed on the street by a stranger, domestic violence occurs in relations between close people, including spouses or sexual partners, children, other relatives. As studies show, domestic violence has a clear gender orientation in various countries of the world. Most often, women become the victims. Ladies resort to cruelty mostly after they repeatedly have been in the offended position. Often, women abuse force against men as a means of self-defense. They try to end the cruel male attitude towards themselves. Only a few women systematically use violence to rule over their husbands. Not many wives have the physical strength necessary for this. In addition, women, unlike men, are deprived of cultural approval of the use of force. It should be noted in domestic violence papers that, of course, not only woman suffers in a critical situation. Speaking about the danger posed by domestic violence and the extent of its impact, it worth mentioning that even if cruel acts are directed only against one person, all other family members are still exposed to effect defined by researchers as ‘secondary victimization’. Its essence is that the witness faces the same psychological consequences that the victim experiences. Particularly difficult emotions break the psyche of children who see how their father mocks the mother. Some other characteristic features of domestic violence: beginning in the family, abuse of force increases in frequency and degree of cruelty with each subsequent conflict; violence alternates with promises to change the behavior and apologies from the offender; while trying to break the relationship, the victim is exposed to increased danger. The types of causes (negative factors) to mention in articles on domestic violence cases: psychopathic (predisposition to the violence of parents and children); social - the impact of external factors: poverty, unemployment, social isolation, low educational and cultural level, etc.; psychosocial (these factors are subdivided into structural, situational and communicative; the latter group is the most important). There are four main types of domestic violence: psychological, physical, sexual and economic. A specific conflict may include all four species, several or one of them. These types can also alternate in time and move from one to another. Summing up, it should be stated in stop the violence essay that, regardless of the circumstances, cruelty always hurts the development of the individual. The consequences of abuse of force experienced by a child or an adult can be structured by dividing them into physical (diseases, severe bodily harms), psychological (phobias, nightmares, suicidal tendencies) and social (interpersonal difficulties, antisocial behavior). A psychological time bomb is being created, which includes chronic depression, self-destructive thoughts, difficulties in functioning in conjugal and parental roles. Material for writing a persuasive speech on domestic violence classification Physical abuse in the family Physical violence is expressed in a direct effect on the human body: beating, bodily harm, torture. Its spectrum is wide: from minor injuries to extreme form - murder. It is relatively easy to recognize the physical violence on the basis of medical examination data. This phenomenon has a gender focus. In culture, it is seen as a manifestation of male dominance and aggressiveness. Many men perceive cruelty as an attribute of ‘normal’ life. Domestic violence research paper topics touch upon all layers of society because a brutal attitude towards women takes place in stable married couples with children, that is, in the type of families that are considered safe and appropriate to the norm. Women subjected to domestic physical abuse have excessive patience and readiness for repeated forgiveness of the offender. This patience is associated with a feeling of fear of economic complications, an unwillingness to leave children without a father, a pity for husband, a fear of losing respect for society. You can base research essay on why victims of domestic violence return to their abusers on these trends. The alcohol addiction of the spouse belongs to the psychological factors characterizing the physical violence against a woman in the family. This information is based on researches conducted in many countries of the world. So, alcohol and domestic violence essay will be very relevant. In recent years, in most European states, the increase in the number of beaten husbands is observed. The interaction of children and parents is analyzed in the context of the upbringing process which is greatly influenced by the cultural component. In traditional culture, there is a myth of the ‘usefulness’ of physical punishment for effective upbringing. This opinion legitimizes beatings in the mind of both the adult and the child. Physical violence harms not only bodily but also psychological well-being. But it is much more difficult to reveal the psychological consequences of physical abuse. The syndrome of a beaten person is observed: painful shyness, timidity, irritability, rudeness. These forms of response are total. A person behaves in such way in all situations, spreads his fear or protest against everyone, even completely innocuous people. Mention in violence against children essay that more than 70% of adolescents with deviant behavior have experience of physical violence (this estimate is approximately equal for boys and girls). But there is a gender difference in the nature of violence. Girls are more likely to face violence within the family, boys - outside home. Girls are beaten at a younger age, usually before the adolescent period, boys - already being the teenagers. Culture of physical abuse in the family can be preserved for several generations. The psychology of violence becomes part of the personality of a child who has been ill-treated. He begins to express towards others the same cruelty he was subjected to. According to a number of studies, parents who use physical methods of punishment towards children often come from dysfunctional families. They also suffered from cruelty of relatives in childhood. Psychological violence and ways to determine it Mention the following features of psychological abuse in your domestic violence argumentative essay: verbal insults; blackmail; acts of violence against children or other relatives aimed to establish control over a partner; threats of violence towards themselves, victim or others; intimidation of domestic animals or destruction of property by means of violence; the pursuit; control over the activities of the victim; control over the circle of communication of the victim; control over the victim's access to various resources (social and medical assistance, communication with friends, education, work, etc.); coercion of the victim to perform humiliating actions; control over the daily routine of the victim. This type of violence is the most common and is present in almost all cases of domestic abuse. It is difficult to diagnose psychological cruelty. If all other forms of violence are easily determined because they have clear physiological effects, obvious signs of psychological impact are rarely visible and the consequences can be extremely difficult. Due to the breadth and sophistication of the forms of psychological violence, it is very hard to classify them. In addition, psychological abuse quite often does not appear independently, but along with other types of violence. Correct public informing about psychological violence is the protection of people from its influence. Truthfully submitted, backed up by reasonable conclusions, the information not only helps the person to understand what the psychological abuse is but also develops immunity to such influences. Domestic violence research topics for students also contribute to these goals. Nevertheless, the media (which is traditionally perceived as a source of objective information) creates myths which zombify people. The question arises: why are myths about psychological violence created if the very fact of this phenomenon is recognized at the state level? Informing about cases of psychological abuse in society, journalists usually give an emotional and subjective description of certain events, not taking into account the scientifically grounded opinion of specialists. Thus, they give rise to everyday beliefs about violence. This situation contributes to the emergence of wrong judgments about psychological cruelty. It turns out that false circumstances are based on authentic events. It is alarming that the generated stereotypes continue to spread because the bulk of the media uses information from such sources and does not rely on own journalistic investigations. As a result, the process of thinking is unified and collectivized. The phenomenon of ‘collective solidarity’ arises when the approval or condemnation of certain events in society has a herd character. Informing about psychological violence without scientific research and professional analysis leads to the fact that information loses its objectivity and legal value. As a result, the state structures and law enforcement agencies (which are the first bodies to react to publicly submitted facts of violation of the law) do not take it into account. When submitting information on psychological violence, specialists should analyze each specific case. At the same time, attention should be paid to the following: what methods of psychological violence were used; what was the ultimate goal of the psychological impact? All details must be considered based on the existing legislative framework. A very important aspect is the analysis of the consequences of psychological abuse for both the individual and society as a whole. The causes of psychological violence against close people can be very different: from greed to a desire to change the political and social structure of society. Methods of influence on victims are also diverse. In conclusion, it should be noted that, in any manifestation, psychological violence is an unacceptable interference in the private life of citizens which creates some significant socio-psychological problems. The evaluation of this phenomenon should be performed only with the involvement of a wide range of specialists. Therefore, we recommend referring only to reliable sources in essays on domestic violence. Sexual violence in the family towards women and children Sexual violence in the family towards women includes sex without mutual consent, with the use of physical force, threats, intimidation, forced sexual intercourse after beatings, sex as a means of humiliation and insult. This form of cruelty also includes such acts as blackmail, rape, coercion to sexual relations in a form unacceptable for the woman, in the presence of others or with third parties, causing of pain and harm to the victim's health through sexual acts. Sexual violence is a widespread element of domestic abuse. The reason for this lies in gender stereotypes: marriage is often regarded as giving men the unconditional right to have sexual relations with their spouses and to use force if they do not want to have sexual contact. Information about sexual violence in the family is usually reported by women who have a relatively short period of spousal-partnership relations, a small number of children, do not belong to the social risk groups for unemployment. These ladies are aware of their rights to own body, well acquainted with sexual enlightenment. For older women, as a rule, the problem of sexual violence in marriage can generally seem to be non-existent due to an outdated type of socialization that does not articulate the right of women to sexual pleasure and possibility of refusal. Having chosen one of the child abuse research topics touching upon a sexual aspect, write that such abuse means the involvement of the kid, with or without his consent, in direct or indirect sexual actions with adults, in order for the latter to feel pleasure or obtain benefits. Sexual abuse always harms the child's physical, mental or psychosexual health. It is the third most common manifestation of violence which takes place in 10% of all cases. But experts say that such a form of cruelty is often not reported because of fear or for any other reasons. Children and adolescents involved in sexual activities do not fully understand what's happening and, therefore, are not able to give deliberate consent or refusal. Both girls and boys can become the objects of encroachment on sexual freedom and inviolability. Note in a research paper on the effect of domestic violence on kids that the life of victims subjected to sexual abuse passes in conditions of social isolation. This phenomenon is usually concealed by both child and parents. Situations when the kid tells mom (or another family member) about violence but the adult ‘does not hear’ him are a reflection of the overall family dysfunction. The lack of mother support contributes to the duration of sexual violence. Initially, the main aspect of the studies was the incestuous ‘father-daughter’ relationship that is described most fully. Only recently, the myth was debunked that incest takes place only in socially disadvantaged families. In order to write reliable effects of domestic violence on children essay, state that sexual harassment exists and has always existed at all socioeconomic levels. Other forms of sexual violence are studied comparatively poorly. The focus is on sexual crimes against women and girls. There is insufficient information about the consequences of such harassment for boys. This creates a false impression of the rarity of sexual assaults against male children and the absence of serious negative effects of these crimes. But for kids under 10 years old, regardless of gender, there is a high risk of sexual abuse by adult close relatives. There is evidence that adopted children are the ‘risk group’ for sexual assault. Economic violence Economic violence is the attempt of one adult member of the family to deprive another of the opportunity to have the funds and the right to dispose of them at own discretion, as well as the economic pressure on underage children. The following negative factors are observed now: refusal to provide children with material goods, concealing of income, spending family money, single-handedly financial decisions, strict control of expenses. Often, women are economically dependent on men for various reasons: the birth of a child, the prohibition to work imposed by husband, unemployment, discrimination in the labor market. On the other hand, even business ladies who earn more than their husbands can become victims of violence. Summing up, it should be noted in scholarly research articles on domestic violence that the violations that arise after the cruel treatment affect all levels of family functioning, which leads to deep personality changes, the formation of specific relationships between relatives, special life scenarios. The further involvement of family members in the so-called ‘cycle of violence’ in roles of victim or abuser takes place. If family violence was not stopped in time, negative potential accumulates, which harms the society as a whole. The need to respond to the experienced pain is one of the main reasons for the spread of cruelty in society. Numerous studies have shown that the majority of criminals who committed serious offences undergone the situations of physical or sexual violence in childhood. Thus, essay about children witnessing adult domestic violence should assert that timely intervention and assistance will minimize the impact of risk factors. An important part of this process is an increase in the level of awareness by society of all the seriousness of the consequences of family brutality. The problems of child abuse in the family, the causes and consequences of violence In the English terminology, the general concept of child abuse and neglect (CAN) has long been established, which means violence against children, cruel treatment, neglect of the child's needs, i.e. a wide range of actions harmful to the kids and committed by the people taking care of them. These influences pose a serious threat to the health and safety of the growing generation. They violate the human rights to protection, support and care. There are such problems as ill-treatment, repeated unjustified punishments or restrictions that can lead to physical injuries and diseases, pose a real threat to a child's mental health, development and life. There are the following causes of ill-treatment which should be mentioned in domestic violence and child abuse essay: unemployment or low material security, alcoholism of one or both parents, loneliness or broken marriage; serious housing problems intensifying tensions; embitterment of parents or disappointment with the life situation; physical or mental overwork; egoism of parents, their desire for entertainment; lack of love to the child; excessive exactingness; birth of one more child; large number of children; unwanted birth of a child (for example, as an excuse and coercion for marriage); birth of a child with physical and mental disabilities; peculiar behavior of the child: stubbornness, deliberate refusal to fulfill the established regime and to visit children's institutions, stealing, lying, etc. Any kind of cruelty towards children leads to a wide variety of effects, but all they have common feature - the damage to the health or life of the kid. There are a lot of negative consequences to mention in child exposure to domestic violence essay: delay in physical, speech development, growth retardation (preschool kids and younger schoolchildren); impulsiveness, explosiveness of temper, bad habits (biting of nails, plucking of hair), anger; attempts of suicide, loss of meaning of life (adolescents); excessive complaisance; nightmares, sleep disturbances, fear of darkness, difficulties in communication with people, fear of anger; depression, sadness, helplessness, hopelessness, inhibition of own desires; ‘sexualization of behavior’ - a constant willingness to be a sexual object, the formation of sexually colored behavior perceived as necessary aspect of life, which is the consequence of early and continuing long-term sexual abuse; formation of the psychological model ‘love is always connected with a sacrifices, pain’ which violates the ability to build long-term partnerships; development of a protective ‘survival strategy’ in the form of dissociation of the individual: alienation from own body which is perceived as something extraneous (‘what happens to the body does not happen to me’), a sense of unreality and partial amnesia; ambivalence of experiences: the simultaneous presence of both love and hatred towards the person who subjected the child to violence; feeling helpless; violations of the self-esteem: the perception of own personality as bad (stigmatization), a sense of guilt, depression. Proceeding from the above mentioned facts, it can be concluded in essay on children who witness domestic violence that they are the most vulnerable persons completely dependent on the adult part of society. Exactly through the fault of adults, they become victims of physical, sexual and emotional abuse. The identification of domestic violence as an independent social problem indicates its relevance, the need to develop a system of preventive and corrective measures aimed at solving it. Cruel treatment of children creates a threat not only to the health, intellectual and moral development of an individual child or groups of kids but also to the security of society as a whole. Violent actions against women In recent decades, domestic violence has been recognized as a large-scale negative phenomenon that engenders many other social changes. On this basis, an understanding was formed that it is not enough just to condemn and punish the guilty. It is also necessary to rehabilitate the victim of violence and work with a person who committed cruel actions in order to avoid a repetition of the situation. Therefore, the objects of social impact should be both a person who suffered from violence and a person who committed brutal acts. At a certain stage of its development, the state refused to interfere in family affairs in any situations, relieved itself of the burden of responsibility for what was happening and granted the man a fairly broad power over the woman. Today, the laws have changed. However, the remnants of the past are alive, and the public's attitude to domestic violence has either not changed or just begins to undergo transformations. Moreover, in different states, the seriousness and depth of this problem were recognized at different time and in different conditions. This process is related to the general attitude towards the woman. People began to speak about violence in the family publicly just recently. At the initiative of female non-governmental organizations, the first publications devoted to this problem appeared. Creation of hotlines, crisis centers, shelters for victims took place. Thanks to special unions and experts in the field of gender studies, many aspects of the etiology and genesis of abuse of force have been ‘opened up’ to society. Further work in this direction should be among research proposals on domestic violence. Cruelty applied to women forced them to occupy a subordinate position in comparison with men in the spheres of economy, politics and public life. Their dignity is humiliated, freedom is limited. The right to inviolability of the person is violated. This is a serious obstacle to the development of a democratic, civilized society which is based on the rule of law and respect for moral values. Violence is sometimes provoked by the victim. A woman can be the first to make a verbal or physical challenge. However, in most cases, husbands systematically use force and insults to ‘discipline their wives’ without any external background. Most ladies associate their vulnerability with such traits as weakness, lack of will, dependence, self-doubt, cowardice, low self-esteem and psychological immaturity. As a child, these girls grew up in poor families, did not get a good education, and often got sick. Most often, victims characterize their tormentor as a mentally unstable, two-faced, stupid person with low self-esteem who suffers from an inferiority complex, does not respect himself, aggressive individual willing to prove own dominance at someone else's expense. According to the results of the study, female victims were divided into active and passive. The first found the strength to fight the situation in the family, the rest continue to be exposed to violence. Active women reconsidered their relationship with the opposite sex and abandoned traditional marriage. They gradually realized that life may be much better, began to protest, to look for a new partner. Some did two or three attempts to find a new spouse and loved someone who did not use violence. In case of failure, they preferred to live without a husband. This distinguishes them from those women who continue to be victims of partners-rapists, traditional wives who live in a patriarchal family. In this case, passive women are often confined to a relationship with a man who is the first and only one for them, so they are in serious dependence on him. Research papers on domestic violence should encourage intimidated and weak ladies to change their priorities, revise the world view in order to free themselves from the oppression. The cycle of violence 1. Stage of pressure rise The first stage includes the period during which the tension in the family increases. The abuser begins to get angry for minor reasons or even without them, becomes irritable and seeks an excuse for aggression. The rise of pressure is often denied by both the victim and the culprit. What happens is justified by stress, bad health, trouble at work, etc. During the increase in tension, a woman tries to relieve it, pleases the partner in every possible way. She believes that responsibility for what is happening lies on her. Sometimes it is possible to release the tension for a while, but then it breaks out with even greater force. This stage can last minutes or months. Worsening of situation can be wavelike. All participants accumulate fatigue from the atmosphere of suppressed aggression. Often a woman feels that she can't control the problems in the family, seeks help outside the marriage: from relatives, friends, and specialists. 2. Stage of active violence In the second stage, the accumulated tension develops into an act of violence of any form. Almost always, it happens without strangers, can last from several minutes to several hours. Violence can be physical, sexual, or take a variety of mixed forms. It is often accompanied by insults and humiliation. The abuser shifts the blame for the committed actions to the victim. At this stage, neither the aggressor nor the victim can deny the fact of violence but they tend to downplay its seriousness. Many view cruelty as a phenomenon provoked by a woman. Persuasive speeches on domestic violence should discredit this opinion. Here it is important to remember that the offender himself chooses the moment of committing a violent act. 3. Stage of repentance and ‘love’ This stage is the period after the violence - time for respite, relative calm and repentance. The offender asks forgiveness, gives the victim gifts, becomes kind and tender, helps the woman in everything and cares about her. He does everything to atone for his guilt, can be sincere. The victim believes in his words and the promises that the violence will not happen again. The illusion that it is possible to improve the marital life, that the partner has finally realized everything and is ready to change is being created. In this case, the offender still blames the woman and proves that she provoked him but promises that this was the last time he hurt her. Idyll does not last long. The abuser accumulates problems again, gives rise to aggression which is expressed in the family. Information for social work and domestic violence essay Children Writing the ways to prevent domestic violence essay, it’s worth noting that social work with underage victims of cruel treatment is based on the practice of warning. On own initiative, any person can inform the social service called upon to protect children or the police about an incident or suspected violence against a child in the family. Such messages should be considered not a noble intention but an elementary necessity. As for doctors, teachers, coaches, educators, it is a direct duty for them. The message can be sent by phone, mail, submitted directly to the relevant institution within 24 hours after the incident. The law provides the immunity of informer, the preservation of anonymity and confidentiality as well as punishment for those who violate these rules. Social workers investigate the case. Within 48 hours, they come in contact with the family along with the police and medical staff (special services work around the clock and without days off). At home, a social worker discusses the information received with the parents, communicates with the child, and carefully observes their behavior by assessing the real conditions of the family's life, contacts with specialists, teachers, neighbors, friends, and relatives of the kid. The investigation involves an immediate medical and psychological examination of the child in a social or medical setting, hospitalization (in a shelter or a medical hospital) as a short-term protective measure (even if there is no urgent need). Consent or permission of the parents is not required. A social worker has the right to apply to the court if his investigation is resisted. Even if the accusations are not confirmed, he visits the child periodically. Usually, interventions with the purpose of social work take place in situations of severe stress caused by violence and ill-treatment. They include the provision of specific services, psychological support, social therapy, and psychotherapy. Completing the case suggests that the social service solves family problems after the expiration of certain time (from 3 months to 1 year). During this period, its employees must make every effort to ensure that the situation has radically improved. When it is proved that no progress is observed and there is a real threat to the life of the child, measures are taken to isolate him. Sometimes, by a court decision, the guilty parent is forced to leave the house where he lives and where the child should return after rehabilitation. Although it is possible to make tough decisions on adult relatives, such measures are not considered as the only acceptable and rational ones. The family code of many countries also establishes the duty to protect child's rights and legitimate interests for officials and other citizens who become aware of the threat to his life and health. Valuable information should be reported to the guardianship authorities who are obliged to protect the rights of the child. They can separate the kid from his parents (or one of them). However, the procedure is excessively bureaucratized and stretched in time. In addition, often the guardianship agencies begin to work only with cases that take extreme, irreversible forms, do not influence the possibilities of their prevention and elimination in any way. It should be mentioned in victims of domestic violence essay that the authorities of progressive states have ratified a number of international agreements providing for combating family abuse in its various forms and manifestations: the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women and other international legal instruments. Throughout the civilized world, the function of protecting children from family violence is performed not by law enforcement bodies in conjunction with the guardianship and trusteeship organizations, local government (i.e. bureaucrats) but by specialists in social work. Only they have experience of constant and daily contact with families falling into difficult and even dangerous situations. The social worker has the full legal right to bring strict requirements to the culprits. That is why his work proves to be the most professional, viable and effective. The activity of social workers in United States, Germany, Holland, UK could be a good example for how to reduce domestic violence essay. Aggressive parents are afraid of them because of extremely broad powers (including the initiation of a criminal case and an application for the alienation of the child from the relatives). It should be noted that in the case of domestic violence against adults, the role of social workers is much more modest and unobtrusive. Due to the progress of social practices in developing countries, the transition from punitive measures to supportive and therapeutic influences has already started (although not yet prevailed). Mention this fact in does arrest reduce domestic violence essay. Undoubtedly, according to the nature and specificity of the tasks, each of the departments (healthcare, education, police) can and must react at its own level and with its own means when receiving operational information about the fact of cruelty against children in the family. You may state that the effectiveness of protection depends not on the actions of any separate (even a very strong) agency but on a set of various measures. It is not about a simple summation of the necessary actions of individual instances but about the consolidation of their efforts both at the conceptual level and in the process of implementing complex technology on the principle ‘everyone is in his place and at the right time’. Social work with women If you write a domestic violence against women essay, it should be mentioned that assistance to victims begins with the encouragement for the expression of feelings. Emotions not expressed in words and actions, not aimed at the outside world are doomed to remain inside. The consequence of the unexpressed feelings is the phenomenon of alexithymia. Dissociation with own emotions helps to regain lost control over the inner world and the outward situation. Metaphors, aphorisms, fairy tales, stories could be used as effective methods of understanding the influence of socio-cultural stereotypes on psychological state of victims and fear of public condemnation. Such easy gaming communication helps to reassess the situation as a whole, to change and expand the outlook, to increase self-esteem. According to a large number of studies, cognitive processes constitute the most common class of fear activators. The change in the vision of oneself and the problem entails a change in the internal state. The next important step in psychological work is the transition to decision-making. A person tries to understand own values, desires and, based on existing or potential opportunities, determines the goal or images of what she would like to achieve. Only after all this, she schedules concrete steps to achieve the desired changes. Thus, describing domestic violence against women in America and other countries of the world, you may propose the following strategy for helping victims with complex emotional experiences: step-by-step psychological work with feelings, outlook, development, and decision-making. The situation of violence is accompanied by a violation of interaction with the surrounding reality, a decrease in the quality of social contacts. In this regard, the role of group forms of safe, supportive and confidential communication increases in the rehabilitation system for victims of violence. The internal conflicts with this type of experience are solved owing to participation in the psychological support groups. These are specially organized groups of people with similar psychological problems, aimed at creating of conditions for effective overcoming of difficulties. This method is one of the most reliable techniques of group crisis therapy. Its peculiarity is that it fixes the specialist and participants on the supporting positions in the interaction. It is known that empathy and emotional support alleviate suffering. Conversely, isolation and loneliness increase fear. The support group allows to establish close contacts between the participants, to carry out the necessary measures to assist the individual in resolving the existing objective problems and also contributes to the restoration of broken personal relationships. The advantages of the support group are also stipulated by the flexibility of the method - the use of various psychological approaches and psychotechnics. This is due to the understanding of the integrity of individual and the need for self-expression in the most diverse languages: the language of consciousness, the language of the senses and the body language. Various psychotechnics activate different languages of self-expression. Art therapy exercises, psychodrama, bodily-oriented courses, neuro-linguistic programming, counseling on rethinking life values and setting goals are actively practiced by modern specialists and their patients. It will be useful to describe them in your example of essay on the emotional impact of domestic violence on a woman. Meetings in the group are usually preceded by individual conversations with a psychologist. The optimal frequency of classes in the support group: once a week for 3-5 hours. The course should last 1.5-2.5 months. The number of participants can vary from 7 to 15 people. It is necessary to systematically analyze the work of the support group, the dynamics of changes in behavior of women. Assessment of progress is carried out via the psychological observation, special exercises, feedback in the group, incoming and outgoing express psychodiagnostics. Classes can be held out by one or two specialists. In the case with two people, they distribute various functions among themselves, provide support to each other which is a good example for other members of the group. During the necessary time, the support of the group provides the woman with a sense of stability and reliability needed for internal changes, helps to compensate for the broken connection with the environment from which the victim expects condemnation and before which she is afraid to accept her problem at all. In addition, the group reinforces the belief in own strength and the possibility of successful psychotherapy, which the offended side lacks in individual counseling. So, you may state with full confidence in your domestic violence and gender roles essay that participation in the support group is a kind of necessity for the injured women. Typically, women need an extensive series of individual counseling to acquire skills in the field of management of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. At the initial stage, the most effective therapeutic methods are a decrease in sensitivity, relaxation, physical exercises. These techniques contribute to a partial resolution of the hard situation at the psycho-physiological level and enable the transition to work at the emotional and cognitive levels. Psychological work at the cognitive level involves changing the vision of the situation and reforming of beliefs. Another characteristic feature is the deep loss of knowledge about own desires. This phenomenon manifests itself in the fact that a woman can't answer the questions about her life goals, wishes and finds it difficult to determine sources of pleasure. You can mention the ‘Jonah complex’ in your domestic violence cause and effect essay. It is manifested in the fear of the development of own abilities observed in a civilized society. Losing of knowledge about personal priorities leads to a violation of the perception of own personality, blocks views directed inwards and depletes energy needed for self-development. In this regard, the psychological work on restoring lost awareness about own desires acquires special significance. The principles of individual and group counseling: non-evaluation, equality of positions, emotional acceptance and support, absence of decisions, advices and promises on the part of the consultant. In the process of consultation, it is very important for a woman to get feedback and to hear that she, like everyone else, has the right to express her own feelings, that no one has the right to abuse her and completely control her life. It is also important for a victim to realize the cyclical nature of domestic violence and the inner picture of post-traumatic stress disorder, the symptoms of which are fear and comprehensive sense of guilt for everything that happened. When providing psychological assistance after any type of aggression, the counselor psychologist should always be sure that the woman is not guilty and not responsible for the experienced violence. Useful tips on how to write a research paper on domestic violence The first thing you need to know about the academic essay is its difference from the motivation letter. Statement of purpose is aimed to convey information about you as a person and academician to the selection committee, to describe your achievements and goals for the future. Saying simply, a motivation letter is a paper about author. As for the essay, this work is directed at external phenomena. Such academic paper should reveal your thinking, analysis and argumentation skills in relation to the domestic violence essay topics. Therefore, in many aspects, the approach to writing essays differs from work on a motivational letter, although there are many similarities. Advantages of essays If you consider writing of anger management research paper as a boring task consisting mostly of routine, this is a serious mistake. In fact, the introduction of this type of academic works into the educational process is marked by a number of positive factors which include: teacher's ability to assess the student's analytical talents; identifying the individuality of the student by reading his work; for the author, it is an opportunity to show own knowledge in practice. Even if it will be quite hard to start working on such project, in the end, it will become clear that there is nothing difficult in writing essay on how to stop domestic violence if you follow the certain rules. The structure of the text is similar to the banal abstracts that any pupil was writing at school. The main thing is that there are slightly different requirements to the very thought of the author. His task is to reflect all those emotions and feelings that he experienced when faced some phenomenon. So, summarizing the information given above, it is worth noting that the essay is a full-fledged academic paper that serves as an excellent tool for new achievements in the sphere of writing good and quality projects. Having studied the features and characteristics of the essay, you can raise own professional level and improve academic performance in many ways. If you start to treat such small tasks competently, then it will be easier to build and develop a clear strategy of further learning process. If a student is able to write an essay professionally, work on any questions will become elementary for him. Moreover, there are cases when students were so fond of writing such papers that completely changed their qualifications and chose faculties associated with a large number of creative projects. There are a lot of historical examples when the famous writers, during their studies, differed in professional approach to writing essays, courseworks and other academic papers. Domestic violence argumentative essay topics The topic can be prescribed by the teacher. Also, a specific area to which the text should directly relate (domestic violence as cause of divorce essay, domestic violence and substance abuse essay, police corruption with domestic violence essay, etc.) could be determined. Third option: you choose the main topic of research at own discretion. Remember that it is important to work on the question via which you can explain your position most logically. Mistakes when choosing a topic: Obvious conclusions. What would you have thought after reading 6 pages of argumentation of the thesis ‘man descended from a monkey’? Of course, it is fine if you have found revolutionary proofs of the theory of evolution, but this is no longer an essay. Too controversial issue. Do not touch upon the topics which are traditionally not discussed: religion, politics, personal preferences, etc. The point is not to show your indifference. Your opinion just may contradict the ideology of a member of the commission. Even if such questions are genuinely interesting to you, postpone them for future research. Student essay is not the best place for such reflections. Domestic violence essay outline According to the standard structure, domestic violence research paper outline should include three main blocks: introduction, main part (theses and arguments) and conclusion. The thesis is the main idea of the work. You can use it even after the argumentation, but, in this case, it will be a part of the conclusion. If you already have an opinion on a given issue, start with the thesis and then give the arguments. The main thing is the consistency of the text. If you borrow excerpts from other people's works or quotes from books, use the footnotes. Divide the text into paragraphs according to the course of thought. The argumentation should consist of several parts. List them in the domestic violence outline for a research paper before you will start writing. Domestic violence essay introduction When writing any interesting text, the first task is to create a ‘hook’, i.e. some phrase that will awaken the reader's interest and is directly related to the main topic. Be original, but do not overdo. Try to find something that characterizes domestic violence essay thesis or the posed problem most accurately, for example, the opinion of a well-known specialist in the field under consideration or fact (maybe unremarkable at first glance) that suits your opinion as well as possible. It is not obligatory to start a paper with a hook. You can use it during the writing of the main part. But, in the final version of the text, its use in the introduction is highly desirable. Then you should gradually develop the idea of the hook to come to the main part of the work. In a few words, describe the problem posed, but do not make the text too voluminous - write only what directly affects your thesis statement for domestic violence research paper. Frequent mistakes in the introduction: Cliche. Most students use shocking facts from the press, ‘rules of life’ of famous people or rather flat jokes. Such details annoy the admission committee. Examiners are unlikely to pay attention to such introduction. Dryness. Remember, your task is to draw and maintain attention throughout the text. If the dry statement of facts begins already in the introduction, even with a good hook, the interest of the reader will fade away even before the main part of the essay. Inconsistency. Trace the clear connections between thoughts and facts that relate to the main theme, the introduction, and subsequent paragraphs. Do not use excess information, structure the text as clearly as possible. Domestic violence thesis statement After choosing the topic of term paper on domestic violence, the first task is to form the thesis. It is not a certain proven fact and not the result of observations. It is also not argumentation, not a complex of cause-effect relationships and not a description of some phenomenon. All this will be used further. The thesis is the main idea of your essay. Its essence should lie in several statements. Imagine the situation: you sit in front of the commission member with an essay in your hands. Without reading the work, he asks: ‘What is the main idea of this paper?’ The thesis is those few phrases that can answer this question without unnecessary clarifications and corrections. The presence of the thesis in the text not only helps the reader to understand the basic idea but also to see how much author understood it, whether the rest of the text is consistent with it. Note that, as a rule, the topic of the essay is controversial and does not imply an unambiguous answer. That is why your task is not to find an objective solution (which, most likely, simply does not exist) but to make the argumentation of own point of view. Mistakes in stating the thesis: Interrogative form. It is not recommended to use too much research questions on domestic violence. The main goal of the thesis is to express your opinion. If you approach the topic too philosophically and do not occupy a certain position, your paper will lose the very meaning of the argumentation and turn into abstract reflections which have not found the answer. No doubts. Be sure, but, at the same time, not too radical. Too long form. Remember that an important criterion is the observance of the basic canons. By definition, thesis is a capacious but not a voluminous statement. Differ the conclusion from the arguments and do not stretch the thesis to the whole page. Uncertainty. Do not use the thesis for further controversy. The reader should easily trace the chain of your thoughts. The excess research question about child abuse may cause confusion and create the impression that you simply decided not to bring your reflections to the end. Argumentation of essay on domestic violence in families At this stage, it is necessary to describe the reasons which determine the thesis. Devote a small paragraph to each of them and control the completeness of the text, use contrasts - try to ensure that each next paragraph is different from the previous one without violating the logical chain. The main criteria that must be observed in the argumentation of cause and effect essay on domestic violence: connectedness with the main topic, sequence, chronology, and contrast. Build the main part based on these principles. Remember that the thesis can be added at the end of the work. Do not focus on traditional structure. The main mistakes in the arguments: Reiteration. Do not develop the same idea in two paragraphs. This contradicts their uniqueness. A new argument should be in each new paragraph. Extra information. Make sure that all sentences are directly related to the main topic. Even if you have an irresistible desire to write an incredibly interesting fact, re-read it several times. Maybe it is better to use such a statement as a ‘hook’. Inconsistency. If you used a link to extraneous facts in the new paragraph, make sure that they were described above. Do not confuse the logical connection by untimely events. Domestic violence essay conclusion In the last part of the effect of domestic violence on family essay, you need to concisely finish the main idea. Summarize the arguments, briefly, repeat the thesis if it was mentioned at the beginning of the work. Provide a thesis if you decided to present it after the arguments. The main mistakes in the conclusion: New arguments. The conclusion is inherently not an informative but a summary part. Do not add new facts in the end. It is better to add one more paragraph in the main part. Reiteration. It is not necessary to describe domestic violence essay outlines and literally repeat what was written above. If the examiner has reached the conclusion, he has already read it. Titles for domestic violence papers Despite the fact that this is the first detail that the reader will see, you can come up with it at the very end. It is much easier to choose domestic violence essay titles when the text is ready and the author clearly realizes to what conclusion he came. Do not use cumbersome phrases. Try to express the whole essence of your work in a few words. The examiner should immediately understand what problem you have considered. We hope that this instruction was useful and it will be easy for you to write quality how to prevent domestic violence essay. Good luck!

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