Crimes among minors always cause increased attention in the society. One of the reasons behind this is that the prevention of juvenile delinquency is viewed as the most important aspect of the prevention of crime in society as a whole. When writing juvenile delinquency research papers and essays, you have a change to join a discussion on the topic and contribute your opinion. If you are not sure how to do it properly or how to approach the assignment overall, do not worry, as we will guide you through the writing process step by step.
First and foremost, it is important to choose the topic that you are going to focus your research on. Here are a few options that we urge you to consider:
Juvenile justice research paper topics should be a bit more complex and require more research than those that you would generally choose for essays:
There are thousands of potential juvenile delinquency topics for a research paper that you can pick from, and you can further narrow them down by focusing on family, violence, gang membership, poverty, drug/alcohol abuse, detention, trial, rehabilitation programs, as well as the role of the police, government, and any other bodies within the judicial system.
Before starting the writing process, it is crucial that you create a writing plan in a form or a juvenile delinquency essay outline:
Juvenile delinquency essay writing is not an easy task, but having a well-detailed outline, you won’t face any problems in the course of work. Therefore, add to your outline as you research and find more information on the topic.
A juvenile delinquency research paper outline will cover the following sections:
Some research papers on juvenile delinquency might also include limitations sections, showing the limitations of the research, and a few other ones depending on the rubric for the assignment. Therefore, it is always advisable to run the outline by your professor before you start working on the paper.
Negative phenomena and processes of economic, ideological, social, psychological, cultural, educational, and demographic nature occurring in society are most painfully reflected in the most unprotected part of the population - children and adolescents. Therefore, studying the problems of juvenile delinquency requires taking into account social, psychological, and economic contexts.
Family plays an integral role in the development of personality. Communication skills, stress resistance, and the ability to adapt to different situations are formed in the family. If the child is raised in a dysfunctional household, then his or her development will not be steady.
The formation of the minor offender personality in the family is influenced by the following factors:
Moreover, the formation of the teenager’s personality in the family is adversely affected if he or she lives with relatives who were previously convicted of certain crimes. About 40% of minor criminals come from families in which brothers or sisters were previously convicted.
School system failure.
Currently, the education system of many countries is in crisis. Schools are often more focused on discipline than students’ educational, emotional, and other needs. Therefore, learning becomes something students dread, reading starts being a torture device, lack of positive reinforcement leads to low motivation, and students view the whole educational process as something they would rather avoid. Subsequently, poor performance and unsatisfactory behavior at school becomes pretty common for children of different ages. Moreover, as peer pressure intensifies and bullying is rarely dealt with timely and properly, teenagers start engaging in delinquent behaviors.
The impact of the environment.
The impact of informal groups on minors is very significant. Adolescents join groups due to difficulties in relationships with parents, in an attempt to rebel, or because of a desire for acceptance. Trying hard to be a part of a group, they often fail to notice how members or leaders of such gatherings influence the choices they make and helping them engage in a self-destructive behavior, which later leads to issues with law enforcement.
The economic situation of any country impacts society to a great extent. The main factor that has a direct link to juvenile delinquency is poverty. It’s a fact that crime and poverty are interrelated in any country or society. Children in low-income families have fewer privileges and almost no access to decent education. Many teenagers have to start working at a relatively young age in order to help their families, which sufficiently hinders their academic life. Being unable to access the privileges available middle- or higher-class individuals, teenagers may get involved in crimes to improve their financial situation. Besides, living in poor households, teenagers get involved in criminal activities faster as there many criminal gangs in such districts.
It is important to consider such factors as mental diseases and emotional instability of a teenager while considering the reasons for high juvenile delinquency rates:
The question on whether teenagers have to be tried as adult criminals is still considered a burning issue in society. In the criminal codes of many countries, the maximum sentence for adolescents is significantly limited. For instance, the US courts are more inclined to rehabilitate young offenders rather than punish them.
Currently, children and adolescents are in the most difficult situation in society. They are not protected from the negative influence of their families and are not mature enough to escape such influences and sustain themselves. Adolescents who are constantly subjected to mistreatment in the family develop the conviction that rudeness and violence is the norm in relationships between people.
Moreover, the more dysfunctional the family is, and the more delinquency is normalized in child’s daily life, the more likely it is that they will eventually display inappropriate behaviors, join gangs, steal, harm others, and engage in crimes.
The criminal situation differs from country to country, so it is a good idea to focus on a specific one when reviewing the rates. We have collected some fact and statistic from different countries to give you a bigger picture of the problem:
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