Sexual harassment is widespread in all spheres, be it industry, civil service or education. Undoubtedly, in most cases, the victim is a woman. Modern society should be characterized by strict protection of the human rights. Therefore, this topic is often touched upon by journalists, psychologists, sociologists and lawyers. In this article, we will provide you with useful information and helpful advices on how to write a quality rape culture essay.
It is worth starting a sexual assault research paper with the definition of harassment as it is understood in civilized countries. It is not only the rapist's desire for intimate contact, the threat in which the victim is offered either to submit to sexual demands or suffer from consequences. These are also scabrous jokes, anecdotes, hints, indecent touches and other actions unacceptable for a decent woman. Each citizen has the right to expect certain behavior standards at work and in educational institutions which should not include sexually oriented behavior.
The main characteristic of sexual assault is the undesirability of increased attention. Even flowers, love letters, phone calls, compliments and songs can be considered as harassment if they are undesirable.
Sexual harassment is defined as:
Some examples to mention in sexual abuse essay:
The problem of sexual harassment at the workplace attracts the increasing attention to the media and the public. There is nothing fundamentally new in the very concept. However, in the past, it was considered as a personal problem or simply denied, which left the victim with no choice but to quit. With the growing number of working women, sexual harassment became so widespread that it was recognized as a violation of human rights and the wall of silence surrounding this phenomenon began to collapse.
How to determine the line between ordinary friendship, good-natured banter, flirting and abuse? The question is very difficult.
Actions can be qualified as sexual harassment in the case when a woman feels the irrelevance of such an attitude and its aggressive subtext. The second important point is the victim's subordinate place: she occupies a lower position on the career ladder in relation to her abuser.
The greatest risk of sexual harassment hangs over the women working in small businesses where there are no trade unions. New employees are also easy prey since they are more afraid of losing their jobs than others and have not yet settled on new place. Ladies working in enterprises with predominantly male staff are the least protected. In this situation, men usually use harassment as a way of not allowing a woman to move forward.
Sexual assault on college campuses essay also will be relevant since this phenomenon is common in educational institutions. Often, teachers surrounded by young female students feel a strong temptation and begin to flout them for own pleasure.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the federal agency dealing with cases of discrimination, defines this phenomenon as unwanted sexual attempts, requests for sexual services and other verbal or physical acts of a sexual nature.
The company is responsible for the incorrect actions of management personnel, whether director knew about such behavior or not. The superiors should bear responsibility for co-workers if they knew or should have known about obscene proposals and did not take immediate appropriate measures.
If better conditions are granted to person who succumbed to sexual behavior, the deprivation of career opportunities which other employees face is considered as unlawful sexual discrimination.
You may indicate two main types of pressure in the sexual harassment research:
This problem has long roots in the United States, especially for American women of African descent. The article written by a black nurse in 1912 tells how an owner of the restaurant where she worked as a chef tried to kiss her right on the first day. The rape of black ladies by white men in slavery was a common thing. Women could not help it.
In the 50-60s, the ill-fated single mother in South Carolina wrote that her boss at the weaving factory provided the women with the best equipment if they agreed to have an intimate relationship with him. She refused, was fired and complained to the workshop manager. He hired her for another shift because was afraid that case will be divulged. The woman noted that those female citizens who do not protect their rights are respected least of all.
Women with disabilities are particularly vulnerable because they need medical care and there is a high likelihood that people will not believe their words.
Important fact for essay on sexual harassment! In 1986, the first major case of the Supreme Court stated that a hostile environment at work is constituted as a violation of the law prohibiting discrimination on the gender basis. However, attention was rather focused on the "undesirability" of courtship for the victim than on the violent behavior of the offender that would be the correct statement of the question.
The court approved for consideration evidence of allegedly provocative speech and dressing manner of the injured. This is an example of how a woman is responsible for male behavior but not the man himself. Attention should be paid not to whether the abuse was correct or whether woman deserved respectful treatment but whether such incidents violate the standards of decency and humanity.
Relations between men and women in the working environment are not the soil for "adventures" for two reasons. Firstly, ladies make a very small contribution to the committing of such actions. Secondly, labor is a necessity. Female citizens need it to support themselves and families. The reaction to harassment can be determined rather by the importance of job than by personal preferences or laws. The fact that ladies are forced to work in such conditions today is not a justification for tolerating abuse in society.
On the contrary, it should be understood that sexually oriented behavior or discussion in the workplace is, in most cases, humiliating, inappropriate and unacceptable for women. Thus, it is the offender who must bear the burden of responsibility for the actions he committed but not the woman who suffered from them. You may use this powerful thought as thesis for research paper on sexual assault.
The aforementioned proceedings were initiated in 1978 and completed in 1991. The process of social change through the judicial system is not rapid. Until 1991, women could receive compensation only for lost wages, but nothing more.
In 1991, in another judicial decision, it was confirmed that the standard for determining a sufficiently impermissible behavior should be based on the opinion of the victim but not the offender. The court stated that many women feel common fears that male part of humanity may not share. The fact is that phrase considered as a compliment by man can be perceived as sexual harassment by woman. That is why the emphasis should be placed on what a female part of humanity may classify as an insulting action.
The case investigated in 1993 determined the characteristics of unfavorable atmosphere at work and that there is no need to prove specific moral damage because it is quite logical to call offender’s behavior in such circumstances aggressive. It is not necessary to bring a woman to a painful state in order to stop sexual harassment. In some cases, the court found a sign of hostility in pornographic materials at work.
It is good if your sexual harassment in the workplace essay will rely not only on abstract reflections but also on specific figures and facts. The information below should come in handy.
According to the ILO (International Labor Organization), between 15 and 20% of working women in industrialized countries are victims of rapists’ attacks, but only a third of such complaints were submitted to court. The ILO reported that each second Danish, third Austrian and fourth French woman faced the serious cases of sexual harassment. It is obvious that the cited figures reflect the situation far from completely, since many victims prefer not to report about such incidents fearing to lose the job, cause negative attitude of the team or even spoil further career.
The precarious situation in the labor market (high unemployment rate, limited opportunities) means that dismissal from work is a real threat to many women in all countries of the world. A study conducted by the Tanzanian Media Women's Association showed that 90% of female citizens of Tanzania consider sexual harassment a threat to their jobs and economic situation. About 80% said that, having no alternative, they were forced to obey the demands of superiors.
Female employees of the Daewoo factory in St. Louis, Mexico, the majority of the workforce, claimed that they all became victims of sexual harassment committed by the president and directors. Ladies received money in exchange for intimate services. In case of refusal, they were threatened with dismissal. This situation at the Mexico factory is very similar to other reports from zones of export production where rape culture is widespread.
The statistics of appeals to the courts for protection from abuse in the workplace does not give an idea of the scope of this phenomenon. The object of harassment applies to the judiciary very rarely. Therefore, the prevalence and significance of this problem can be assessed only via anonymous surveys of working women.
A public opinion poll conducted in 1996 showed that 30% of respondents considered sexual abuse to be a contrived problem. Each second female employee believed that this is a serious obstacle for a relatively small number of women. A quarter thought that the rape culture is a disease of modern society.
Almost three quarters of women who became the victims of harassment by chiefs at various times were of the opinion that encroachments on the female honor are very common. Among other part of ladies, this view was expressed only by 37% of the respondents.
In other words, women give very subjective assessments of the phenomenon in question relying primarily on their personal experience. It would be strange to expect something else because the public and the mass media still remain silent. That’s why it’s so important to cover the facts about sexual assault on college campuses and at workplaces in academic papers.
More unanimity was noted in the assessment of the development pace of this type of women's rights violation. 5 from 6 respondents noted an increase in sexual harassment in the world over the past 5-10 years.
Unmarried women have the greatest chances to become the objects of obscene claims from managers while young widows, single mothers, divorced ladies are more protected. Married female employees, under other equal conditions, take an intermediate position.
In private firms, women are pursued by their superiors 1.5 times more often than at state and joint-stock enterprises. Workers of such organizations have to quit three times more often. This phenomenon practically does not depend on the marital status of the offended lady.
In 1981 and 1988, the studies were conducted in USA which showed that 42% of women were affected by harassment at work. If you write a sexual assault in the military research paper, mention a poll among female personnel (1990) which proved that 66% of respondents were attacked by rapists. In a 1980, the review of popular female magazine Redbuk confirmed that 80% were offended.
As for women working in large American universities, you may write the following information in the essay on college rape culture: 5% said they received open sex offers and 10% were touched, grabbed or kissed. In addition, 15% reported about other forms of obscene behavior. Almost no one complained about it: 1/3 because of fear of revenge and other 1/3 due to the threat of influence on own career.
Less than 20% of respondents submitted reports to the management. 30% were afraid that it would harm them and 24% did not want to create the problems for the offender. Only 3% made an attempt to complain. Most women felt that they would not be believed and did not want to seem scandalous in the eyes of surrounding people.
A study of sexual assaults in the automotive industry revealed that black women were harassed not only more often but, in fact, also more violently than white ladies.
The most brutal rapists' attacks were noted among workers in the area of physical labor where men strongly oppose the presence of female employees. In particular, it concerns sports. Incidents when coaches attacked female students are quite numerous. This topic is so vast that you can compile an extensive college athletes and sexual assault research paper.
A good research paper on sexual harassment should reveal not only the problems of the phenomenon but also its causes. This is the first step towards eliminating the obstacle preventing women from studying and working in normal conditions. So what are the roots of this unhealthy situation?
Coercion for intimate contact is committed not only for sex itself. It is a matter of subordination. So, when we discuss sexual harassment, the keywords are power and discrimination. Rape is one of the most sophisticated methods of power abuse. A woman is forced to understand: "Know your place. First of all, you are a Woman and should be used in this way". An indecent proposal to share a bed with a superior in exchange for work or other benefits is not only offensive. It emphasizes unequal position of women and men.
For an elderly professor, sex with a student is attractive not only because of her young body but also because of the possibility of humiliating the person dependent on him with impunity. That is why he combines his erotic desires with unreasonable demands and claims.
There are many reasons that contribute to the emergence and spread of sexual harassment which you could list in women abuse essay:
The traditional unwillingness to apply to the court for the protection of own rights and dignity along with the strengthening of the authority of the superiors and the lack of rights of subordinates in developing states increase the imbalance between a man and a woman.
Studies show that the public does not have a common opinion about what actions can be classified as obscene behavior. Why do not all men abuse their power? In some companies, there are no rapists’ attacks. There are reasonable explanations which you may provide in harassment in the workplace essay.
The first is the gender of the boss. Female director automatically removes the issue of sexual harassment (in traditional forms) from the agenda. About 1/3 of young ladies work under the women's leadership. In the United States, there have been cases of persecution of male subordinates by female bosses, but very rarely.
18% of respondents believe that the environment and working conditions do not contribute to sexual harassment. Unfortunately, they did not disclose the essence of this phenomenon. 17% think that there is no need to force women to intimacy. They agree for it voluntarily. 15% noted that the customs and rules of conduct in their labor teams are quite strict so that men are afraid to use their hands and tongues in frivolous manner.
Women have not forgotten to mention that there are also decent people among the chiefs. They do not abuse their power. Love and affection are the better methods to conquer the female heart in comparison with the rude force. But this is another form of relationship between a man and a woman which does not apply to sexual harassment.
Almost half of the ladies (subjected to harassment or observing this phenomenon from outside) believe that the injured person did not want to avoid such a fate and, therefore, provoked obscene actions herself. This is a very serious problem which may be considered in the essay on international rape culture. In most countries, it is believed that the behavior of men is the responsibility of women. This is not true. Everyone is responsible for his actions. If a person is adult, he / she is responsible for his / her choice.
Men demand to be considered adults. In this case, they must behave accordingly and be responsible for their deeds. If we say that a woman bears responsibility for the behavior of a man, we thus argue that men can't be considered adults, which makes the law absolutely useless because male citizens are not considered legally competent. Such postulates are clearly unacceptable in a civilized society.
Many studies have confirmed that women and men can't communicate "in one language" because they do not understand the words of each other, even without talking about the actions. When a lady talks to a man, she can just be courteous. Nevertheless, he believes that she manifests coquetry and implies consent if there will be further persuasion. If lady does not express a sharply negative position, man thinks she's just shy. In fact, from her childhood, she was taught not to speak out rudely, so this situation is very unfavorable for her.
Thus, the man says that lady provoked his actions because she was just polite or friendly that was normal for her. But it was perceived as an invitation by him. Thus, when women behave as they were taught, they are accused of "provoking" men. On the contrary, if they behave sharply negatively and aggressively, surrounding people criticize them for unfriendly manners. Thus, women are in a desperate situation - they are guilty regardless of their behavior.
The verdict of the society is quite uncompromising: "Not every woman faces harassment at work". Some believe that it is difficult enough to imagine assault on a beautiful lady who does not want to be a toy in the hands of a superior, does not show a familiarity, has firm moral principles and a sense of dignity. This is absolutely wrong stereotype that should be dispelled in persuasive essay on rape culture.
First, studies in the US showed that 80% of working women were harassed. That is, anyone can become a target of the rapist. Secondly, persecution is based on an imbalance of power when a man tries to exert excessive control over a woman. It does not depend on her appearance or behavior but on his. Again, people blame the victim for the actions of the offender. If the law exists, everyone should be responsible for his own behavior. He chose to break normal standards of decency and humanity. He is responsible. What she did is irrelevant. He is not a child. He has the choice. He chose the abuse of power. It's his fault and not hers.
The paradox: if a thief pulled a purse out of your open bag, he should be convicted of stealing personal property. You will be criticized for negligence but not accused of criminal's provocation. However, if the crime concerns a woman, especially women and sex, a victim is accused of alleged provocation. It is clear that this double standard requires re-thinking again and again until public opinion will consider sexual harassment as violence against women. Push this thought forward in your sexual abuse research paper.
Sexual harassment is very similar to a sexual assault. It can cause fear, confusion and have long-term psychological consequences. Unfortunately, some victims do not apply to law enforcement agencies because they feel guilty, embarrassed or afraid. Some believe that they will not be treated with trust. The most common reason why women do not resort to court is the fear of losing their jobs or being ostracized.
Headache, insomnia, high blood pressure, nervous breakdowns, feelings of insecurity and humiliation are far from a complete list of the victims' troubles. Both physical and moral consequences of the hard experience can be quite serious. Sexual harassment can affect the work adversely, manifest itself in the deterioration of labor conditions, arbitrary increase or decrease in working hours, the number of tasks, in unfair assessments or accusations.
The victim can be dismissed, subjected to disciplinary punishment - the revenge of the boss knows no boundaries. Even after the injured woman leaves the job, the superior can fundamentally spoil her prospects for further employment with bad recommendations.
In many cases, pressure from the boss is so strong that a woman has to leave her post even if she was not forcibly dismissed. For example, in Zimbabwe, a study showed that 50% of women who complained about the obscene behavior of superior were fired and 25% were forced to resign by their own. In developing countries, the victims particularly risk to spoil their reputation and become social outcasts. Such situation primarily leads to serious problems in the family.
The consequences of harassment are deeply individual. For some ladies, unwanted sexual intercourse with the boss is just an unpleasant episode, for others - a trauma for a lifetime. Among the respondents who faced such problem, 47% were forced to quit, 40% considered their reputation to be spoiled, 27% noted deterioration of relations with colleagues, 27% believe that harassment prevented them from working normally, 13% had complicated family relations, 13% suffered because of offended honor and dignity.
The worst consequences of sexual harassment for women who refused to have sex with boss and were forced to leave their posts: unbearable working conditions and the inability to fulfill their professional duties. All other difficulties may be mentioned as less important in essay on rape culture.
If the woman is hired for a position of increased danger (secretary, sales clerk, nurse, etc.), it is necessary to be vigilant and conclude an employment contract in which the list of official professional duties will be clearly described.
Having started to work, lady should behave as a competent, professional employee and not according to the stereotype of a "pretty girl" who flirts with male personnel, says and listens to compliments, sexually colored "advances" and hints. Such behavior can be regarded by colleagues and superiors as an "invitation to sex".
Flirting with co-workers involves a great share of the risk. But the other extreme is also dangerous. When a lady behaves in a male manner (uses obscene words, goes "with the boys" to drink a beer or have some fun), she also risks to be misunderstood.
Of course, no one has the right to say to a woman how to dress for work (except when she is obliged to wear a uniform), but it is necessary to understand that business style is more appropriate than the glamorous clothes.
Here are some tips that can be offered to women in the text of your essay:
Writing a good sexual violence research paper is a chance to demonstrate academic talents, originality of thinking and impress the examiners with the writing skills. Some people like creative process because there is an opportunity to implement their abilities in the study, to bring worthy arguments.
Often the question arises: how to write a memorable work and look good at the background of other students? We will reveal some secrets below.
Why do we write essays?
Before writing research paper on sexual assault on college campuses, we need to return to the basics, to understand who will check and analyze the essay. After this analysis, it will become clear what the teachers are looking for.
Not only level of the student is taken into account but also many other aspects:
Characteristics of the ideal essay
We already know why students write essays. However, this is not enough. Teachers may have their own preferences, but still there are some features that distinguish the best works:
We offer you some tips that will help to expand knowledge by reading additional literature:
At first glance, it may seem that our advices bring a lot of extra work. But this is the shortest way to a qualitative result. It is also good to check other methods, for example, to make notes, write out important information from the context.
Identify the target audience
While writing an essay, always remember which people will read it. The more diverse this audience is, the more general your essay should be. Experienced experts do not need a clarification of certain terms. This step can be omitted. Compiling a research paper “Campus sexual assault” for the audience of your generation, you can refer to the examples from modern music or movies. There will be more chances that you will be understood.
Formulate a plan before you start writing an essay
It is very important to start writing the work with specific structure. For this, you have to compile a sexual abuse research paper outline. It will not take a lot of time. It is enough just to open a new Word document and write down the ideas you want to discuss in strict order.
In the most minimalistic form, the essay should have 5 paragraphs:
If you are going to write an extensive work with several pages, divide the theoretical material into chapters. Examiners can be tired because of the long flow of text.
Since the essay is a relatively free genre, some deviations from the above structure are allowed. The main thing is that the reader can follow the progress of your thoughts and not get confused by the abundance of arguments.
In a good essay, two aspects of the argumentation are combined: on the one hand, the presentation of information, and on the other, consideration of different points of view. Unilateral arguments will not impress the examiners.
Your opinion is also taken into account
Justify your opinion. This will show that you do not hide under the thoughts of other people but have own independent point of view.
Appeal to quotes
Justify your thoughts using quotes from famous works. This demonstrates good information ownership. However, do not go too far. Excessive number of quotes in the essay will not be a plus for you. Frequent usage of other people's words means the lack of confidence in explaining the victimology research topics. As already mentioned, it is very important to present the theses based on arguments.
Show your competence referring to the used literature and statistical sources. This will not only prove your organization and erudition but also the number of works that were studied during the creation of the essay.
You can use the special functions in a text editor for citations and footnotes. There are various forms for citing, but remember that you need to stick to the same format throughout the work. Footnotes usually include the title and author of the book or article, the date of publication, the page number.
Correction of mistakes
How many times did you type the word "form" instead of "from"? This is, by the way, one of the huge number of mistakes that may be missed during editing. English should be perfect: a clear and understandable sentence structure, all apostrophes are in due place, no typos and grammatical errors.
Also be sure to use Times New Roman or Arial font. For example, it is hard to read a quirky Gothic font.
Bright title in sexual assault research paper
It is unlikely that someone will spend a lot of time on reading your essay if it will not have a memorable headline. There are many good topics to cover in a rape culture essay which were used by other authors. However, if you want to put forward some original idea, it's needed to come up with this detail on your own. Choose it at the very end when you already coped with the compilation and editing of the text.
Heading must be thought out so that it immediately involves the reader in the essence of your reflections. It can be some kind of intriguing or pretentious phrase. At the same time, of course, it should touch upon the main thesis. If you want your work to appear on the first pages of the Internet search engines, it’s worth using popular research paper topics on sexual assault on college campus.
Do not forget about the time
There is no need to remind about the deadlines, but, in any case, it's important. Even if you wrote the best essay in 100 years but submitted it for a check after the established date, the chances of good reviews as well as paper's consideration are reduced. Do not leave everything for the last days. Ideally, you should start writing essay in advance and leave time to edit and analyze the work.
We hope that these recommendations will help you write an impressive academic paper. Good luck!
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